Comparison Matrix Paper
This Research paper will compare two empirical articles. One is based on leadership traits and the other on leadership skills. The first journal article: Leadership Traits, Leadership Behavior and Job Autonomy of Imams in Peninsular Malaysia: A Moderated Meditation Analysis by Mutalib, M. and Abdul Ghani, A is based on leadership traits of imams in Peninsular, Malaysia.
The second journal titled “Understanding the Strength of Gentleness: Soft Skilled Leadership on the Rise by Marques, Joan is based on leadership skills. The leadership traits article has two authors from two Islamic religious universities ...view middle of the document...
Both studies review to see if their research questions are supported by research or not. In the first study, the authors hypothesized the traits found in the Imams to assess how far they can influence their leadership behaviors. The author of the second study on the other hand, used survey with open ended questions and data analysis. The paper showed a literature review which reviewed different leadership styles based on soft skills sand the study also elevated school in which soft skill leadership takes place. Both studies voted reviewed literature to support their findings.
Mutalib and Abdul Ghani (2013) in their study collected data using scales and measures. 144 survey items, 20 demographic questions were given out to 357 Imams in Peninsular Metropolitan area (Malaysia). Only 206 Imams responded. The simple technique of sample random sampling was used in the study. This study on soft skill leadership made use of data downloaded from online sources (survey monkey). These were stored in three files. Each file containing each of three questions asked to the participants:
1.” What leaders past or present do you admire and why?”
2. “What is it about them that you admire and why? “
3. “What can you learn from their leadership?”
The demographic used in this study showed that the participants ranged from 24 to 83 years of age. More of the participants were over 50 years old(70.4%). The Imams are usually experienced Islam who must have served in this capacity for more than 20years. Most of them have experience working as low income earners or self-employed. There were 27.1% teachers and 30.1% civil servants. Less than 2% were university lecturers or executive officers or entrepreneurs. Looking at different tables used in this study, the authors tried to answer questions on the hypothesis used. There is a significant correction of all dimensions of personality used in the study. Most questions were not supported by the data. Marques in her...