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Peter The Great To Lenin Essay

1500 words - 6 pages

Peter the Great Reforms Russia: A DECREE ON A NEW CALENDAR, DECEMBER 20, 1699, ed., Peter Stearns, et al., Documents in World History, Volume II. The Modern Centuries: from 1500 to the Present (New York: Harper and Row, 1988), 32-33. New Calendar from Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov Russkoi Imperii (Complete Collection of the Laws of the Russian Empire), 1st series, Vol. 3, No. 1736, pp. 681-82.

Peter the Great Reforms Russia: DECREES ON THE DUTIES OF THE SENATE, ed., Peter Stearns, et al., Documents in World History, Volume II. The Modern Centuries: from 1500 to the Present (New York: Harper and Row, 1988), 33. Duties of the Senate from Polnoe Sobranie, Vol. 4, No. 2321, p. 627 and No. 2330, p. ...view middle of the document...

F.A. Golder, ed., Documents of Russian History, 1914-1917 (New York: Appleton, 1927), pp. 618-19.

In Russia, at that place are some remarkable leadership that led the state to new charges. Peter the Great, led Russian culture to be developed at that time, and Lenin, who was the key person for the Russian Revolution. I prefer these two documents because I genuinely consider that Russia is now a huge affective nation to the world, so their history and rulers at that time are not just ordinary facts that we can ignore about. Peter the Great and Lenin, they both were really solid, significant leaders, and they did not afraid of changes and to become a part of Russian history.
The first document is about Peter the Great, he ruled Russia from 1682 to 1725. Peter was the great modernize ruler in history. The author of this document is Peter himself, he clearly explained about the reform process that he has accomplished. He composed this document because he held this vision and dreams in his affection. Vision of modernizing society. He strongly believed that Westernize state is better for the land and his masses. So he eagerly wanted to testify and prove to all the different stories of Russians that his idea of ruling a country is the right directions.
The first point that the Peter makes was the decree on a new calendar in 1699. He recognized that all European Christian countries set January first from eight days after the nativity of Jesus Christ. He ordered administrative to use the new calendar at the beginning of January first, 1700. “…the Great Sovereign has ordered that henceforth all government administrative departments and fortresses in all their official business use the new calendar beginning January 1, 1700 (32).” The second, Peter sets up an administrative council and decrees on the duties of them. This scent is important because when Peter is absent, they are in charge of duties that Peter decreed. “This ukaz (decree) should be made known. We have decreed that during our absence administration of the country is to be (in the hands of) the Governing Senate (33).” And they are very reasonable. Some of them are like, “To establish a just court, to deprive unjust judges of their offices and of all their property, and to administer the same treatment to all slanderers (33).” Also, he said, “To supervise governmental expenditures throughout the country and cancel unnecessary and, above all, useless things (33).” The third, Peter believed to improve education is sufficient and give useful working people of the country. “The Great Sovereign has decreed: in all gubernias children between the ages of ten and fifteen of the nobility, of government clerks, and of lesser officials, except those of freeholders, must be taught mathematics and some geometry (33).” They have to proceed and receive certificate otherwise, they are not allowed to marry. “Without these certificates they should not be allowed to marry nor receive marriage...

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