Personality Theory Essay

1116 words - 5 pages

Personality theory

Personality identifies the obvious characteristic of an individual and also refers to other individual by their social skills. A number of theorist found interested in individual personality developing different type of theories. Thanks to some theorist, such as Sigmund Freud and Harry Stack Sullivan because with his or her theories students and researches could analyze certain behaviors closely. In where a psychologist focus closely on individual personality and try to explain certain topics. One of the topics is to explain why individual with same heredity react different in same life situations. The other topic is why individuals with different ...view middle of the document...

Acquiring a total different view on human development stages and intimacy is Sigmund Freud. Freud came up with psychoanalysis and which is known to be a famous personality theory. What makes this theory fascinating is how Freud explains an individual intimacy and aggression. This theory came upon Freud’s life experiences with human personality. Freud’s understanding of human personality is a product on his experiences with patients, his analysis of his own dreams, and his vast readings in the various science and humanities (Feist, J. & Feist, G.J. 2009). The main points that Freud wanted to point out in his psychoanalysis theory is the three levels of a human mental life, such as unconscious, preconscious, and conscious. He also points out the different stage of a human life and its development like the id, the ego, and the superego. In which these elements can reflect on the development of an individual’s personality.
It is also believed that determinations play a role in behavior because a human has acting external and internal forces. For example, Freud agrees that his psychoanalysis proves that a human have the courage to have a certain behavior. Although, Sullivan interpersonal theory realize that behavior is an internal force related to human or animal hormones. Whit free will is totally different because it a more complex matter. Free will is more on people having the option in choosing their own behavior. In the psychoanalysis theory Freud demonstrate that he strongly agrees with determinism. According to Freud, by just calling someone by another name is reflects his or her motivational system (Stagner, R., & Moffitt, J. 1956). This is known as a slip up that is an involuntary but motivated error. This happens when the individual is constantly thinking of that person in other word this error reveals an individual desires. Sullivan interpersonal theory shows otherwise because it is hard to see that an individual’s history can influence in his or her life. Interpersonal relation start once an individual is born and grows into biological maturation. Therefore, Sullivan strongly agrees that it in the individual free will to develop his or her personality. For example, a child can be very shy and would not communicate with other children, but as the child matures him or she would leave their childhood personality and chooses a new personality totally different from his or her childhood.
Therefore, Sullivan focused more on individual social aspects of personality and cognitive representations. Freud theory on anxiety shows the effects in an individual superego....

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