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Personality Theories Essay

914 words - 4 pages

Introduction
The most popular psychodynamic personality theories that have been developed that have strengths and limitations in explaining personality. The research and supporting evidence in these theories are more reliable than others. Each theory is unique and differs from each other that can explain the casualties of personality and the distinct characteristics that are elusive to them. Many psychodynamic theorists have theorized the origins and contributions that cultivate personality (Feist & Feist, 2009). In the contents of this paper will analyze and compare the assumptions and theories of Adler, Individual Psychology and Karen Horney, Psychoanalytic Social Theory and the ...view middle of the document...

Adler’s applications in individual psychology theory have been divided into four areas: Family constellation, early recollections, dreams, and psychotherapy. The family constellation involved the birth order and that it had superiority, intense feelings of power, high anxiety and overprotective tendencies. Early recollections reconstruct and run consistent in themes or patterns of their lives. Dreams unconsciously provide clues for solving problems. Psychotherapy was to enhance courage, lessen feelings of inferiority, and encourage social interest. The individual psychology theory is used in current day in Holland’s Six Career Types developed in 1973 in the Self Directed Search questionnaire: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional.
Karen Horney – Psychoanalytic Social Theory Assumptions
Karen Horney was ahead of her time in her contribution to psychology. Her views on feminine psychology regarding her disagreements with Freud’s view of woman and that his indifference between males and females contributed to her fleeing off on her own school known as the American Institute for Psychoanalysis.
Although Horney died before the feminine movement her strong argument against Freud regarding his penis envy left us with womb envy, or the man’s envy of woman’s ability to bear children (Ciccarelli & Meyer, 2006).
Horney’s psychoanalytic social theory was built on the assumption that social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality. Horney did not focus on sexuality, but on the child’s sense of basic anxiety and that anxiety created in a child born into a powerful world (Ciccarelli & Meyer, 2006). Horney’s theory that people whose parents gave them love, affection, and security would overcome this anxiety, others with less secure upbringings would develop neurotic personalities and maladaptive ways of dealing with relationships. Ways that allowed people to deal with their anxiety such as moving away from...

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