This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Personality Overview Essay

1426 words - 6 pages

Personality Overview
Theories of personality are truly amazing as each theorist speculates from his or her own point of view. All theories are a reflection of their author’s personal background, childhood experiences, interpersonal relationships, philosophy of life and the way they look at the world (feist & feist, 2009). In the following document strengths and limitations will be discussed in relation to underlying assumptions, deterministic versus free will, and awareness of self through conscious and unconscious motives for behavior.
The psychoanalytic theory presented by Sigmund Freud paved the way for future psychoanalysts to add their own theories. According to McLeod (2007) ...view middle of the document...

His primary concern was with understanding patients and helping them develop foresight, improve interpersonal relations, and restore their ability to operate mostly on a syntaxic level. The study of interpersonal relations most greatly affects knowledge of human personality. Sullivan’s theory also emphasizes the importance of various developmental stages and how personality develops in a social context. Freud used three levels of consciousness first the unconscious holds thoughts, memories and feelings that may cause anxiety causing unconscious influence on behavior and emotions.
The thoughts and feelings that we are aware of our consciousness and the preconscious area that stores memories that have no impact on our personalities. Freud established three provinces of the mind. The Id is pleasure seeking without guilt identity, chaotic in nature and not in tune with reality. Ego is like the babysitter for the id. The ego keeps the id in check and operates on reality principles. The ego also initiates repression and other defense mechanisms when our aggressive or sexual urges are being punished. The super-ego designed to uphold moral and idealistic principals. The super-ego would be the authoritative figure as the ego is the babysitter to id. Sullivan’s theory was formed from interpersonal relations, rates high on social influences and low on biological ones and high on unconscious determinants.
According to revision (2001) the debate surrounding free will and determinism is one that has occupied psychologists and philosophers for centuries. Freud believed strongly in determinism. According to Freud, trivial phenomenons such as calling someone by someone else’s name are due to definite causes in the person’s motivational system. Freudian slips are involuntary but motivated errors that reveal a person’s true desires. The psychodynamic approach believes that internal systems such as defense mechanisms determine the way people behave as adults. The biological approach believes that behavior is determined by a person’s genes and internal systems. In contrast the humanistic approach believes that individuals have free will. The psychodynamic approach, mainly deterministic believed that there is a potential for free will. Freud stated that psychoanalysis is based on the belief that people can change their behavior. However there are two main problems with this approach; firstly what is meant by free will? According to determinism everything has a definite cause then is free will random?
According to Mitchell (1984) Sullivan’s system is as determinist as Freud’s; in fact he goes out of his way at several points to deride the concept of will and to emphasize his belief in the causal determinism of mental phenomena. In Sullivan’s view all behavior is the sum of various motives impinging on the person at any particular moment. The sense of choosing is a reflection in awareness of the various motives pertaining to needs for satisfaction and...

Other Papers Like Personality Overview

Yolo Essay

297 words - 2 pages Personality overview Many theories have been developed throughout the years to help with understanding personality. A theory is a set of related assumptions that allows scientists to formulate testable hypotheses (Feist, 2009). The reason behind the existence of several theories is so that a theorist can speculate from a specific point of view. A theory is a tool that is used by scientists to pursue knowledge. Many of the personality theories

Different Approaches to Personality Essay

1069 words - 5 pages Different Approaches to Personality Brian (Last Name) 211 June 21, 2012 Barbara Hausen Different Approaches to Personality I will discuss both the biological and humanistic approach. I will then talk about their similarities and differences. Before we delve into that I would first like to talk a bit more about Maslow. Before Abraham Maslow came up with a synthesized research about human motivation, researchers had basically focused

Motivation Plan Ldr/531

937 words - 4 pages . In order to motivate her Kailyn must introduce her to new opportunities and give her everything she needs to be the best. In addition, Kailyn needs to continuously compliment her for a job well done. In this particular situation, Beth would be motivated by achievement and status (DiSC Overview, 2015). Charlie Boyle Charlie is awesome because he uses a lot of caution when completing tasks. You guessed it, he is a Cautious style personality! He

Individual Psychology

1761 words - 8 pages Robert Bitter. "From China to South Korea: Two Perspectives on Individual Psychology in Asia." The Journal of Individual Psychology 68 (2012): 233-48. Web Sperry, Len, and Jon Carlson. "The Global Significance of Individual Psychology: An Introduction and Overview." The Journal of Individual Psychology 68.3 (2012): 205-09. Web. Schultz, Duane P. Theories of Personality. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Pub., 1976. Print. .

The Influence of Personality, Brand Personality and Values on Consumer Behavior and Service Management

3923 words - 16 pages ..........................................................................................................................8 REFERENCES ..........................................................................................................................9 1 1 Introduction The aim of this paper is to create an overview about the influence of personality, brand personality and values on consumer behavior and service management. Furthermore it should investigate if cultural differences in values among countries exist. The

The Role of the Environment in Personality Development of Children

3022 words - 13 pages . and Mervielde, I. (2008). Maladaptive personality traits and psychopathology in childhood and adolescence: the moderating effect of parenting. Journal of Personality. 76(2); 357- 383. Feldman, R. S. (2011). Development through the life span. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Ferguson, E., Heckman, J. J., Corr, P. (2011). Personality and economics: overview and proposed framework. Personality and Individual Differences 51, 201–209


517 words - 3 pages Performing as a group can be one of the most challenging times in a work or school environment. It is important that the members of a team work together to complete any and all tasks. The best way to get a team to work together is to know the strengths and weaknesses of all team members. Having each team member complete a Multiple Pathways to Learning and a Personality Spectrum assessment will help give an overview of each team member. The

Borderline Personality Disorder: Affective Instability

4059 words - 17 pages , psychological factors and social/environmental factors will be examined as to how these factors associate in the development of this disorder. The most current treatment approaches for BPD will be addressed. Borderline Personality Disorder: An Affective Instability Introduction/overview The American Psychiatric Association’s (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition - Text Revision defined borderline


617 words - 3 pages return to baseline arousal levels. (Staff, 2013) People who are sometimes diagnosed with borderline personality disorder experience extreme swings in their emotions, see the world in black-and-white shades, and seem to always be jumping from one crisis to another. Because few people understand such reactions — most of all their own family and a childhood that emphasized invalidation — they don’t have any methods for coping with these sudden, intense

Recrutiment and Selection

981 words - 4 pages preferred candidates. Candidates are interviewed by the human resource manager together with other management personnel. Testing of the candidates is also carried out by the human resource management team and this takes the form of psychometric tests, questionnaires, proficiency tests and personality tests, etc. The business world is constantly changing therefore organisations need to hire people with aptitudes who are adaptable, loyal


1108 words - 5 pages paper, I will give a brief overview of the three articles and discuss the similarities. Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership. It has been said that fearless dominance has an association with strong rated presidential performance, leadership, persuasiveness, crisis management, congressional relations and

Related Essays

Personality Overview Essay

1575 words - 7 pages 1,400-word paper in APA 6th edition format that is based on the theories |Day 7 |15 | |Personality Overview |of personality covered in the readings. Choose two and analyze the strengths and limitations | | | | |of the theories. Compare and contrast them in relationship to

Personality Overview Essay

854 words - 4 pages Personality Overview PSY/405 Personality Overview Personality is observed in many ways. Many elements can have an effect on how an individual adapts and uses his or her personality to control a situation. Two very different theories come to mind when understanding the variations in a person’s personality. Although many people may have similar traits, there are underlying specifications to why people behave the way they do. As both

Psychodynamic Personality Overview Essay

633 words - 3 pages Psychodynamic Personalities Overview Angela Harris PSY/405 December 4, 2012 Dr. Patricia Stem Personality Overview Theories of Personality like other topics in psychology consist of many theories along with a very diverse group of theorists who developed these theories. Like other theories in psychology there are strengths and weaknesses that have to be examined. The purpose of this paper is to discuss two theories of

Personality Overview Essay

997 words - 4 pages Introduction to Personality Introduction to Personality As organisms are born there are certain characteristics that make them unique and different from any other organism. These characteristics are what make their personalities. The personality is an inner part of the organism it comes from within the organism and is not so much developed from the environment. As the organism develops and grows into themselves these