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Personality Overview Essay

854 words - 4 pages

Personality Overview

PSY/405


Personality Overview
Personality is observed in many ways. Many elements can have an effect on how an individual adapts and uses his or her personality to control a situation. Two very different theories come to mind when understanding the variations in a person’s personality. Although many people may have similar traits, there are underlying specifications to why people behave the way they do. As both Karen Horney, and Sigmund Freud have some interesting and similar theories on personality, both are independently different.

Karen Horney’s psychoanalytical theory was built on the assumption social and cultural conditions, especially childhood ...view middle of the document...

Although both Horney and Freud can agree that a personality is developed childhood based on an individual’s life experience, he or she do not agree on the basis of a specific theory. Freud shared his research of personalities developed by way of sexual experience. At a young age Freud became aware of his sexuality and was fascinated by it (Fenichel, 1946). He later went on to develop a theory that personality was based on the libido. Early life experiences were those of a mother and father. It was the mother who nurtured and cared for the child. The father was the provider and the protector, therefore more superior to that of a woman. A woman could satisfy a child in different ways. Comfort, care, love, nurturing, feeding, and bathing were some of the areas a mother can soothe the needs and emotions of a child. The behavior of the mother toward her child causes a need for a woman and satisfies the child’s sexual needs. Although this theory has the support to be true, it has its flaws in research because all of Freud’s subject’s observations were females, to include his wife and mother.

Freud and Horney both interpret personality behavior is a result of life experiences, however; the events that happen in life are the outcome of how an individual acknowledges happenings in which guide the behavior to form. Horney “rejects Freud’s insistence on the centrality of the sexual drive in determining human personality.” Horney and Freud never agreed on the men possessing superiority over women, she has regarded Freud’s theories to be based on his personal experience and nothing more. “Despite becoming increasingly critical of Freud, Horney continued to recognize his...

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