This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Personality Dispositions And Entrepreneurship Essay

1036 words - 5 pages

Personality consists of broad dispositions, called traits that tend to lead to characteristic responses. People can be described in terms of the basic ways they behave, such as whether the are outgoing and friendly, or whether they are dominant and assertive.
Basic Five Factors
1. Emotional stability
1. Being calm rather than anxious, secures rather then insecure, self-satisfied than self-pitying.
2. Extraversion
1. Sociable instead of retiring, fun-loving instead of sober, and affectionate instead of reserved.
3. Openness
1. Imaginative rather than practical, preferring variety to routine, and being independent rather than conforming
4. ...view middle of the document...

Situationism — Personality often varies considerably from one context to another.
Trait Situation Interaction Theory
1. They believe that both trait (person) and situation variables are necessary to understand personality. They also agree that the degree of consistency in personality depend on the kinds of persons, situations, and behaviors sampled. (Pervin, 1993, Mischel, 1995)
2. The link between traits and situations has been more precisely specified
1. The narrowing and more limited trait is, the more likely it will predict behavior.
2. Some people are consistent on some traits
3. Personality traits exert a stronger influence on an individual’s behavior when situational influence is less powerful.
Walter Mischel (1968) — Personality and Assessment, criticized trait view of personality and psychoanalytic approach. Said personality often changes according to situations, unlike the previous approaches which show consistency. Said trait measures poorly predict actual behavior. Made view of situationism- personality varies considerably from one context to another.
Most psychologists today are interactionists, believing in both trait and situation ideas to describe personality. Link between traits and situations specified: more limited and narrower a trait is, more likely it will predict a behavior; not everyone consistent on the same trait; traits give a strong influence on an individual’s behavior when situational influences are less likely to affect personality.
Self-esteem- evaluative & affective dimension of self-concept. AKA self-image, self-worth. Research shows low self-esteem sufferers focus on weaknesses, rather than strengths. Carolin Showers (1992) — showed compartmentalization of pos and neg self-knowledge (i.e. "I’m a brilliant student with wonderful grades" — pos. "I’m in hard classes with hard tests and lots of homework" — neg.) also mixed compartmentalization (i.e. "I’m a brilliant student that takes hard tests and has lots of homework" and "I’m in hard classes that give me wonderful grades.") adjectives are frequent in this compartmentalization.
Susan Harter (1988) — found kids with high self-worth are successful in the domains they perceive as important and discount the importance of other domains that they don’t succeed well in.
Big Five Factors — emotional stability, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Paul Costa and Robert McCrae (1992) made a test to check these — Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory, Revised (or NEO-PI-R)
Longitudinal studies used often in assessing...

Other Papers Like Personality Dispositions and Entrepreneurship

Dispositional, Biological and Evolutionary Theory Essay

1527 words - 7 pages trying to attain by their actions, thus there is often a conscious motivation for behavior. The characteristics of a healthy person include an extension of the sense of self, warm relating of self to others, emotional security of self-acceptance, realistic perception, insight and humor, and a unifying philosophy of life. Personal dispositions are the individual characteristics in Allport’s structure of personality and contain five levels

There Is a Lot of Debate Within the Academic Literature About the Personality Traits and Characteristics That Are Associated with Successful Entrepreneurs. with Reference to Appropriate Academic...

1488 words - 6 pages obtain a degree. On the other hand, there is no success manual in becoming an entrepreneur, therefore I believe it depends on character and personality traits life has taught people, rather than the type of person you have been since birth. In this assignment I hope to find out the answer to the assignment title. Various authors have written and given several different definitions of the word entrepreneur or entrepreneurship. However, the term

Entrepreneurship: Trait Based or Can One Learn It?

3615 words - 15 pages will be provided. 4 Theory In this section the two previously stated sub-questions will be answered based on personality theories and empirical research on the relationship between personality traits and entrepreneurship. Which theoretical models on distinguishing personality types have been developed? Personality is a rather difficult concept to explain. When psychologists talk of personality, they mean a dynamic concept describing

Sunway Lagoon Marketing Strategies and Segmentation

5782 words - 24 pages business and its concomitant problems of new start-ups. The psychological traits approach to entrepreneurship has been criticized by a number of researchers as unsatisfactory and questionable (Gartner, 1988; Aldrich & Zimmer, 1986, Low & Macmillan, 1988) in explaining entrepreneurial behavior and performance. They concluded that there are no personality characteristics that predict who will attempt to, or be, a successful entrepreneur. As Low and

Women Of The 21st Century

1883 words - 8 pages the economy and explores various aspects. Literary authors focused on what factors contributed to entrepreneurship helping women become successful business owners. The factors included culture (Gadgil, 1954; Jenkins, 1984; Shapero, 1984); personality (McCelland, 1961; Brockhouse and Horwitz, 1986; Sexton and Upton, 1990), marginality (Geertz, 1963; Shapero, 1982; Brenner, 1987), and intentional (Learned, 1992; Katz and Gartner, 1988). Some

Entrpreneurs Who Are Born Or Made

1300 words - 6 pages of fact, heredity affects personality and behavior (Daley 2013). Entrepreneurs are risk takers, a personality that not all people have. People’s personalities, which are caused by heredity factor, are different to each other. For this reason, there are people who involve in business and entrepreneurship, and those who are working for salaries like government workers. Entrepreneurs cannot accept defeat. They are energetic. They are loners and

Dispositional, Biological And Evolutionary Theory

1134 words - 5 pages personality mature gradually. His main unit of personality was disposition (Paul, 2009). He compared personal dispositions to common attributes. He suggested that common attributes are held commonly by a group of people as a culture while personal attributes are personally unique to an individual. Strengths and limitations of dispositional and biological personality theories Dispositional theories of personality are responsible for the development of

Role of Training in Women Entrepreneurship

1792 words - 8 pages areas of life , they are changing the face of the business today .There are number of challenges which comes on the way however the feminine courage and the boldness blankets it all. Methods and flow of study This paper reviews on : based on the second data . Traits and the characteristic of the women to be an entrepreneur. Increased level of Women Entrepreneurship. Case Study : Shahnaz Hussain – Indian Women Entrepreneur. How to plan

Importance of Entrepreneurship in Economic Growth

3234 words - 13 pages of the President of ICWAI at a Seminar in Mumbai, but the information is quite universal and I read this many times back in the US while I was at the Harvard. It is about someone and I will give a few hints after which the audience has to guess who the personality is. The hints are:[i] • He bought his first share at the age of 11 and regrets that he started a too late! • He bought a small farm at the age of 14 with savings from


2390 words - 10 pages clues of a developing personality. They are quite right to do so, because temperament is a foundation for personality growth. But temperament (defined as early-emerging differences in reactivity and self-regulation) is not the whole story. Although temperament is biologically based, it interacts with the influence of experience from the moment of birth (if not before) to shape personality (Rothbart, 2011). Temperamental dispositions are affected

Characteristics Of A Successful Entrepreneur

1726 words - 7 pages implemented accordingly together with the strong will to progress to the highest level of business success. REFERENCES International Journal of entrepreneurial behaviour & research, Volume 6, Number 6, 2000, Entrepreneurship and the characteristics of the entrepreneurial personality, by Hannu Littunen, University of Jyvaskyla, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Volume 7, Number 3 Seven Ages of Entrepreneurship by David Irwin

Related Essays

A Primer In Entrepreneurship Essay

2413 words - 10 pages A primer in Entrepreneurship Prof. Dr. Ulrich Kaiser Institute for Strategy and Business Economics University of Zurich Spring semester 2008 Chapter 1: Introduction to Entrepreneurship Table of Contents I. II. Introduction to Entrepreneurship p p Changing Demographics of Entrepreneurs III. Entrepreneurship’s Importance IV. The Entrepreneurial Process University of Zurich ISU – Institute for Strategy and Business Economics Ulrich

Personality Analysis: Dispositional And Learning Theories

1662 words - 7 pages characteristics that stand out most in a person’s life. Allport stated that central dispositions would be recognizable by those mentioned in an a letter of recommendation that accurately represented the person for whom it was written, for example, conscientiousness and reliable. Lastly are secondary disposition that are not as recognizable for usually greater in number. These are not as central to a personality but on the other hand may occur

Entrpreneurship Essay

2094 words - 9 pages society’s economic growth. Motivation for entrepreneurship Social experience Mead (1934) posits that social experience accounts for both the development of an entrepreneurial personality and the success of an entrepreneurial function. Birley (1989) suggests that early writers on entrepreneurship were concerned mainly with the motivation of entrepreneurs where they assumed that entrepreneurial flair, the ability to take risks and the desire

Entrepreneurship Essay

2392 words - 10 pages explained from the perspective of venture success. It is asserted by Sandberg (1986) that entrepreneurship is a vital factor for venture success. His study is based on the behavioural theory. From this perspective, entrepreneurship is closely connected to personality and individual background of entrepreneurs (Hoad et al, 1986). Entrepreneurs boost the economic development by optimizing solutions to market problems. Market failures raised by the