UNIT 35 – Understand person-centred approaches in adult social care settings
1.1 A person-centred approach means providing care and support that is focused on an individual and their wants and needs. Two people with the same medical condition will need different care and support tailored to their individual needs. In order to be able to work in a person-centred way you have to develop a clear understanding about each individual you are supporting. You must find out about their needs, their culture, their likes and dislikes, their preferred method of communication and their family, only by knowing the individual can you provide the best support to suit that individual so that they can ...view middle of the document...
It can be difficult to deal with a strong minded family who feel that they know best but you must always remember that your priority is the individual that you are supporting and they are relying on you to protect their choice and their preference.
2.3 Care plans are an important source of information about an individual, they provide details of day to day care requirements and list preferences and likes and dislikes of each individual. However, it is important that we still ask the individual as they do have the right to change their mind.
2.4 Whenever we offer care and support to an individual we must be alert to any changes in their needs or desires. Any changes in health must be reported and recorded, a review may be necessary. Changes in personal preferences need reporting and colleagues informed so that they can respect them.
3.1 There are many factors that can influence the capacity of an individual to express consent, they may include :-
Mental conditions, loss of mental capacity; physical conditions, communication ability; language barriers; lack of options; learning disability.
3.2 Consent should be obtained prior to any activity involving an individual, this will usually be given verbally but can be implied. The individual must be fully informed about the activity and why is it necessary before giving consent. Details of any potential risk to them or others must also be explained. You must ensure that the individual understands all the information that they have been given.
3.3 If consent cannot be readily established you must not proceed with the activity, also if an individual changes their mind you must stop what you are doing if and when it is safe to do so. Information may be repeated and any concerns explained but pressure must never be applied in order to persuade the individual to change their mind. All refusals should be reported and recorded appropriately.
4.1 Active participation is a way of working that encourages individuals to join in with activities and relationships as independently as possible. The individual is an active partner in their care and support rather than a passive recipient.
4.2 Active participation helps individuals to feel involved, to make choices and to feel empowered. This supports their holistic needs as a whole, helping with their intellectual, emotional and social requirements.
4.3 Some people may need encouraging to take an active part in an activity, ways to achieve this might include discussing the activity and highlighting the benefits; involving friends and family to provide support; ensuring that the activity is appropriate to the individuals needs and likes.
4.4 Active participation recognises the right of each individual to join in with activities and relationships as independently as possible, each person is regarded as an active partner rather and just a recipient. For individuals living alone it is particularly important to remain...