Most important person and what they believed:
Carl Rogers created Person-Centered Therapy in the 1940’s. Rogers humanistic approach was revolutionary in shifting the mainstream ideology of psychoanalytic and behavior counseling modalities to a client-based approach. Although this counseling modality was initially called nondirective counseling and underwent four main development/evolutionary stages, Rogers maintained his belief that it is ultimately up to the client, not the therapist, to become the agent needed for self-change. Rogers was a humanist who believed that people are ultimately trustworthy, they have the potential to understand themselves and resolve ...view middle of the document...
This environment includes an authentic client-therapist relationship based in the realness conveyed by the therapist, and a genuine trust and understanding of the client’s world.
Rogers believed there were three main qualities a counselor must possess in order to facilitate an effective helping relationship. Congruence is realness or authenticity a counselor conveys; unconditional positive regard is the acceptance and caring attitude the counselor has for the client, and accurate empathetic understanding is the ability to truly understand and respect the subjective reality of other individuals.
Person-Centered Therapy also focuses on the natural desire for people to want and have the ability to heal and move away from dysfunctional thinking. Actualizing tendency is a proposed growth force with in people, which propels an individual toward self-fulfillment and realization without sacrificing the relationships and socialization needed for healthy living.
The ultimate goal of Person-Centered Therapy is not to solve individual problems but rather assist the client in developing understanding of their true self, so they can become a fully-functioning individual, capable of solving their own current and future problems. Therapy should encourage an individual to work through facades created by socialization and support the development of continued self-actualization. Rogers described four characteristics found in some one becoming self-actualized and which should be encouraged by a Person-Centered Therapist; these characteristics are: openness to experience, a trust in one’s self, an internal source of evaluation, and willingness to continue to grow. The counselor does not set goals for the client, but instead focuses on how to best help clients achieve the goals they set for themselves.
The goal of the Person-Centered therapist is to connect with the client on a person-to-person level and do not hide behind the façade of a clinical, technique-driven professional. They are facilitators not micro-managers, and do not shy away from self-disclosure. The therapist must be willing to be present in the moment, both physically and emotionally accessible to the client; they must have a genuine attitude of caring and empathy and will not attempt to control, change, or regulate the client in any way. Person-Centered therapists do not generally take a history, evaluate the persons idea’s or plans, make interpretations, or set any specific length or schedule for the therapy process.
The client must be willing to work through the feelings and attitudes they have developed throughout their entire lifetime. They will explore uncomfortable feelings of anger, frustration, guilt, shame and other emotions they may have not been able to incorporate into their self-concept. As the client learns more about themselves, they become more self-aware and better to able to cope with life and move forward in...