Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison
CJS/230 Introduction to Corrections
May 5, 2013
The punishment ideals of penitentiary is for punishment, to remove those who are a danger to others from society and to reform those that can be released back in to society ideal of a penitentiary. Most criminals go to prison and come out and be better than before and then you have those individuals that still don’t the same thing and go right back to prison. Prison is suppose too reform criminals but when you really don’t have a care in the world it really does not matter if you go to prison. The principal goal of a penitentiary was for the offender to think ...view middle of the document...
But symbolically it gave prisons a new mission: rehabilitation. Prisons offered an unprecedented number of programs designed to change the behavior of men and women in prison-to turn their law-breaking behavior into law-abiding citizens. Today we use reform and rehabilitation as synonyms in their penal application. Both mean to change behavior.
Even though the convicts might have been separated from each other it was for a purpose…the purpose of practicing therapeutic self-discipline, create habits of industry. There was physical punishment, but only when it was deemed necessary. In other words they would be getting spiritual improvement as well as rehabilitation and expressing remorse for the criminal acts perpetrated and the penalties of those actions, this is exactly what it was meant to do. This was not to be a place where convicts sat around idly, it was to be a place of productive labor.
Whether they're called the clink, the big house, slammer, the joint, the license plate factory or upstate, the terms "jail" and "prison" are often used interchangeably. There actually is a difference between the two terms. Understanding the difference between jail and prison will help family and friends of inmates know what to expect when a loved one is sentenced to serve time behind bars.
The main difference between a jail and a prison is the length of detention. Jails are designed for rapid turnover of inmates, whereas prisons are expected to house inmates for long periods of time, up to and including life in prison. Jails are facilities, usually run by the local county or...