Penitentiary Ideal And Models Of American Prison

800 words - 4 pages

Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison
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CJS/230
June ?, 2012
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Abstract
In this overview the following points will be addressed: based on the ideals of the penitentiary, what it should be like, the principal goal of a penitentiary, the differences between the two prison models, the benefits and the drawbacks of those models, and the model considered to be the winning model.


Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison
Unlike American prisons and penitentiary’s we see today, they were much different as we look back into our history in the early eras of how prisons, penitentiaries, and inmates were handled. Penitentiary is defined as a prison or place of ...view middle of the document...

Another benefit could be that there was less change of being harmed by another inmate. The drawbacks of this model included that the prisoners were in total solitary confinement. A prisoner would spend most of his time in his cell not allowed to see any other part of the prison and was not allowed to mingle with other inmates. It was part of the Quaker plan. Another drawback was the inmates had to work in their cells, social interaction with the guards was not allowed. So in brief summary an inmate with no social interaction and in confinement could or could not make him a more aggressive or violent person. This was probably the biggest drawback of this model.
The second model, Ashburn in western New York had its first convicts in 1817. The drawbacks of this model included that the cells were small, and stacked on top of each other, no exterior exercise yard. In addition the inmates were divided into three levels of control: complete solitary, group work and sleeping in single-person cells at night (foster 2006). There seems to more drawbacks then positive with this model. This model also conducted an experiment which produced negative results. That experiment was locking 80 harden inmates in solitary confinement for a year. Even thinking about it you can assume negative results. After the year several had died, one had jumped to his death and most others were sick. A benefit would be that there was contact and interaction with other inmates most of the time outside the cell, but there was not allowed to speak to each...

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