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Pearl Harbor Inf. Essay

1164 words - 5 pages

Pearl Harbor is a United States Naval Base that was attacked by Japan on December 7th, 1941. The Japanese attempted to take out the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor so they could have a stronger position in the war. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was the one who carried out the orders to attack Pearl Harbor. The attack took the U.S. by surprise making them enter directly into World War II and domestic isolation disappeared from the U.S.
In the 1930’s the path to war between Japan and the United States began because of differences over China. In 1931 Japan took over Manchuria and in 1937 tried unsuccessfully to take over the rest of China. In 1941 Japan joined Germany in the Axis Alliance and ...view middle of the document...

“Conventional aerial torpedoes plunged to more than one-hundred feet in depth and ran a long distance to arm.” (The Attack on Pearl Harbor, p. 1)
“At 6:00 a.m. on December 7th, the six Japanese carriers launched a first wave of one-hundred and eighty-one planes composed of torpedo bombers, dive bombers, horizontal bombers and fighters.” (Attack on Pearl Harbor, p. 1) Before Dawn there was an unidentified submarine that was attacked and sunk by the destroyer U.S.S. Ward but the alert operator didn’t think it was significant enough to take action. The Japanese aircrews started the attack at 0800, catching the American by surprise. They attacked the military airfields and the fleet, “The Navy air bases at Bellows, Wheeler and Hickam were bombed as other elements of the attacking force began their assaults on the ships moored in Pearl Harbor.” (Attack on Pearl Harbor, p. 1) The simultaneous attacks were to destroy American planes before they could be used to fight against the Japanese.
“Before Dawn on December 7th 1941, the American strategic center of gravity in the Pacific reposed in the seven battleships then moored along “Battleship Row”, the six pairs of interrupted quays located along Ford Island’s eastern side.” (Attack on Pearl Harbor, p. 1). The seven ships were Japan’s primary target because they were one short of equaling Japan’s battle fleet. Japan’s torpedo planes hit the battleships: California, Nevada, Oklahoma, and West Virginia. The battleships, Nevada and West Virginia, sunk minutes after getting hit with the torpedoes. Horizontal and dive bombers came in after the torpedo planes attacked and hit battleships: California, Maryland, Tennessee, West Virginia, and sank Arizona. At about 0830, the battleship Nevada started to move down the channel when there was short lull in the attack but was ordered to beach at hospital point so Japan’s second wave couldn’t sink it in the channel and block the entrance to Pearl Harbor.
Japan then fixed their attention to the Navy Yard and the west side of Ford Island thinking they held battleships or aircraft carriers. The Battleship Utah was hit with two torpedoes and it capsized to port in ten minutes. Sixty crew members were lost with the ship, ten trapped soldiers were later cut free, and the crew member who abandoned...

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