Paper 2 The Rise Of Fundamentalism

1766 words - 8 pages




CHHI 302 – DO1


NOVEMBER 19, 2014

THE RISE OF FUNDAMENTALISM --------------------------------------------------------------------
THE RISE OF HIGHER CRITICISM OF THE ...view middle of the document...

The modern day controversies that have challenged the integrity of God’s Word have necessitated the question of whether fundamentalism was ever sanctioned and orchestrated by God. The Holy Bible and historical reflection, and even, present day scientific data reveal that the origin of fundamentalism and its ongoing transformation is in fact God’s healthy apparatus to preserve the integrity of the factual claims of Scripture. Thus, the rise of fundamentalism is God’s manifestation to combat such spiritual apparitions as higher criticism and the contamination of the world’s social gospel.
The Rise of Fundamentalism
Church history reveals that a number of serious biblical doctrinal controversies occurred during the late 1800s and early 1900s that gave occasion for the formulation of certain fundamentalist principals to be implemented as a clarification and remedy against unbiblical manifestations. The authority of the Bible was brought into serious question.
During the years of 1910-1915 a Protestant layman, Lyman Stewart brought the word fundamentalism into focus in his effort to champion the integrity of Scripture. Mr. Stewart produced a series of pamphlets that were called The Fundamentals.
Lyman Stewart advocated for a literal interpretation of Scripture. The historical record reflects that Mr. Stewart was so earnestly dedicated to defending the Word of God, that he financed the production of his foundational pamphlets.
The unfortunate introduction of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution created an intellectual crisis in the educated Christian community. The claims of Charles Darwin, that were in direct conflict with the statements of Scripture concerning the origin of life, created a damaging confusion that shook the very foundation of biblical Christianity, resulting in major spits within the Christian Church.
Intellectual Christians became embroiled in heated debates. Particularly difficult was when Protestant leaders began to split on the proper Christian understanding of Charles Darwin’s (1809-1882) theory of evolution. For liberals, the Bible’s description of Creation in the book of Genesis was figurative and hence not incompatible with Darwin’s theory. For conservatives, Darwin’s ideas replaced God’s divine plan with random chance and human will. While liberal Protestant theologians like Walter Rauschenbusch (1861-1918) moved toward pluralism and social justice, conservatives like Lyman Stewart (1840-1923) focused on biblical literalism. For conservatives, and over-reliance on the authority of secular science was resulting in a worldwide decline in morals, rapant materialism, and growing militarism…The well known Presbyterian politician William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) launched his now famous campaign against the teaching...

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