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Pacificism (Ethics & War/Terrorism) Essay

1006 words - 5 pages

Ethics & war/terrorismPacifism means a person does not believe in using violence as a way of settling conflicts in life. A true pacifist would not use violence against any body and would refuse to fight in a war. One of the best-known pacifist religious groups is the Quakers, otherwise known as the Society of Friends. George Fox, a nonconformist religious reformer, founded the movement in England. At the age of 19, he left home and went on a four-year search, seeking answers to questions, which had troubled him since his childhood. He sought guidance from a variety of the country's spiritual leaders. At the age of 23, he felt a direct call from God to become an itinerant preacher and ...view middle of the document...

Fox was greatly persecuted during his lifetime and imprisoned many times. Once, during the second half of the 17th century, over 3000 Quakers spent time in English jails for their religious beliefs, many hundreds died there.The first Quaker peace Testimony was issued to King Charles the second in 1660 AD and says the following:We utterly deny all outward wars and strife and fightings with outward weapons, for any end or under any pretence whatsoever. And this is our testimony to the whole world. The spirit of Christ, by which we are guided, is not changeable, so as to command us from a thing as evil and again to move onto it, and we do certainly know, never move us to fight and war against any person with outward weapons, neither for the Kingdoms of this world.St. Augustine is the originator of the Just War theory. Just War theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought.Just War Principles -A just war can only be waged as a last resort. All non-violent options must be exhausted before the use of force can be justified.A war is just only if it is waged by a legitimate authority. Even just causes cannot be served by actions taken by individuals or groups who do not constitute an authority sanctioned by whatever the society and outsiders to the society deem legitimate.A just war can only be fought to redress a wrong suffered. For example, self-defence against an armed attack is always considered to be a just cause (although the justice of the cause is not sufficient--see point #4). Further, a just war...

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