This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outline The Main Ways By Which Offending By Children And Young People May Be Prevented. Explain Any Conflicts You Feel May Exist With The Principles Of Human Rights And Natural Justice

3383 words - 14 pages

Outline The Main Ways By Which Offending By Children And Young People May Be Prevented. Explain Any Conflicts You Feel May Exist With The Principles Of Human Rights And Natural Justice.

The aim of the question stated is to discuss how the New Labour Government has responded in terms of preventing children and young people from engaging in criminal behaviour and entering the youth justice system. In order to answer this statement the essay shall explore the various legislations implemented in an attempt to prevent youth criminality, discussing any conflicts that exist with the principles of Human Rights and Natural Justice.

In Britain there are two types of Law, firstly Statutory Law, ...view middle of the document...

Concerns about youth criminality have escalated in to many numerous moral panics over recent years, which have had a great impact upon the youth justice policy. The Government’s response to this concern was to prevent offending or re-offending by young people and to stop making excuses for youth crime (Home Office; 1997). It is a common belief that children and young people who start committing offences at an early age will be more likely to become serious and persistent offenders (Home Office; 1997). There is no simple explanation to address why young people offend, but there are suggested risk factors that can have the potential to influence a young person. These range from ‘psychological, family, social, economic and cultural factors, plus of course the opportunity to commit an offence’ (Home Office; 1997).
Offending behaviour can be correlated with social disadvantage and poverty; it has been have suggested that those young people living in deprived areas are at greater risk of being perpetrators of crime (Home Office; 1997). The following factors are associated with youth crime:
‘Being male; brought up by criminal parent(s); living in a family with multiple problems; experiencing poor parenting and lack of supervision; poor discipline in the family and at school; playing truant or being excluded from school; associating with delinquent friends; and having siblings who offend’ (Home Office; 1997).

Following the victory of the general Election of May 1997, the New Labour Government of Tony Blair published six documents on the subject of youth crime that each contained considerable discussion of various proposals that had been first outlined in the pre-election discussion paper ‘Tackling Youth Crime, Reforming Youth Justice’ (Crawford & Newburn; 2003). Eventually, the proposals put forward in this paper were largely unchanged and published into ‘the government’s flagship legislation, the Crime and Disorder Act 1998’ (Newburn; 2002: p560). This Act implemented the key elements of Labour’s ‘new youth justice’ (Crawford & Newburn; 2003). This entailed the establishment of the Youth Justice Board (JYB), ‘the restructuring of the non-custodial penalties available to the youth court’ (Newburn; 2002: p560), and the creation of Youth Offending Teams (YOTS). The Government’s White Paper ‘No More Excuses’ noted that there had been:
‘Confusion about the purpose of the youth justice system and principles that should govern the way in which young people are dealt with by youth justice agencies. Concerns about the welfare of young people have too often been seen as in conflict with the aims of protecting the public, punishing offences and preventing offending’ (Home Office 1997 cited in Crawford & Newburn; 2003: p12).

The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 for the first time contained an overall mission for the youth justice system this was:
‘It shall be the principle aim of the youth justice system to prevent offending by children...

Other Papers Like Outline the Main Ways by Which Offending by Children and Young People May Be Prevented. Explain Any Conflicts You Feel May Exist with the Principles of Human Rights and Natural Justice

Examine the Ways in Which Social Policies and Laws May Influence Families and Households

953 words - 4 pages Examine the ways in which social policies and laws may influence families and households. Some sociologists have suggested that social policy has caused families to become more diverse while others disagree. Social policies are the laws and practices put in place by the government that effect social issues, in this case the family. For example, in the 1930’s the Nazi government in Germany wanted to encourage Aryan families and put in place

Examine the Ways in Which Social Policies and Laws May Influence Families and Households

893 words - 4 pages the nuclear family, by removing the restriction on unmarried couples from adopting children. They also claim that, due to not being raised in the “natural” environment of the nuclear family, that children adopted in this manner will be more likely to take part in anti-social behaviour, and even criminal activities. However, most feminists are in favour of cohabiting couples being afforded similar rights to a married couple. Liberal feminists see

Compare the Main Job Roles and Functions in Two Organisations and Explain How They May Differ in Different Organisational Structures

1997 words - 8 pages M1 Compare the main job roles and functions in two organisations and explain how they may differ in different organisational structures: Tesco: The main job role of the CEO is looking after shareholders interests and deciding strategy or policy this means what the business aims to do in the long term for example to expand and grow. The CEO also looks at the long-term plans of the business over the next five years. They also try to aim to be

Examine Sociological Views Of The Ways In Which Educational Policies May Affect The Achievement Of Pupils

860 words - 4 pages January 2003 – Examine sociological views of the ways in which educational policies may affect the achievement of pupils. There are many Educational Acts enforced in England to help improve and stabilise the education of young people in our country. With these acts in place it encourages more people to want to do well in school and it also helps to provide an education for those who are less fortunate and without it could not go to school

Explain Child Protection Within the Wider Concept of Safeguarding Children and Young People

571 words - 3 pages Child protection Policy is used in cases of abuse namely physical, emotional or sexual abuse. Since children are very fragile and their emotions can easily be hurt, it could affect them for a lifetime. The carer and teacher must ensure and prevent any of these abuses. Unfortunately these abuses can be perpetrated by someone who is close to the children and statistics show that abuse is perpetrated by persons familiar to the child and not by

Evaluate The Mechanism For Protecting The Rights Of Children And Young People

1056 words - 5 pages an authorised carer in the same way as this Part applies to an employee and in any such case the individual is, for the purposes of this Part, taken to be an employee of the designated agency that authorised the authorised carer. This distinguish the rights and responsibilities of children and young person’s from those of an adult to create a conformed and adjusted environment that meets the needs of children and young people. This allows the

Research with Children and Young People

2305 words - 10 pages Research with Children and Young People | Paper Critique This essay will outline and evaluate the role of ‘Listening to Children’ (Walker, Crawford, & Taylor, 2008) in the current paper and reflect on other relevant research on the ‘voices’ of children and young people. Firstly it will discuss the methods which can be used to write a literature review, leading on to critiquing the research contained in the journal article. When beginning

207: Communication with Children and Young People

710 words - 3 pages visual props in front of them. I made a seating arrangement plan beforehand, showing where the children would sit. This is because I knew that some of the children may be distracted by others in the group. I introduced the children to the main activity; by explaining to them clearly and calmly, what I expected and wanted them to do by the end of the session. I explained that we all needed to listen to each other, concentrate and that we

Explain the Roles of External Professionals Who May Work with a School E.G. Educational Pyschologist

633 words - 3 pages Question 2b Explain the roles of external professionals who may work with a school, e.g. educational psychologist. ------------------------------------------------- There are a large range of professionals who work with the school on a regular basis. They will come in to school and work with the Head teacher and other staff when needed. There are many children in schools today with learning, physical and behavioural difficulties

Explain How to Promote Anti-Discrim Practice in Work with Children and Young People

1207 words - 5 pages access all aspects of school life, and to work through any barriers that may exist. Children should be able to engage in the work regardless of their abilities and should have any additional resources provided to them. Children of all abilities should be kept with the whole class where possible as they may feel singled out if they are taken out too often. You should always work to instil a positive learning attitude in the children, and encourage

Outline Some of the Ways Cultural Deprivation May Lead to Educational Under Achievement for Working Class Pupils (12 Marks)

547 words - 3 pages likely to have low incomes or inadequate housing. Factors such as these can affect their children's education in several different ways.Although both cultural and material deprivation make some excellent points, the approaches are too ready to blame people for their own failure (blames the victim). This cause of educational underachievement is seen as a result of a deprived culture when in fact schools may be to blame. The arguments also generalise and are deterministic (assumes things automatically happen). They assume that most working class households suffer from the above deprivations and that these will inevitably by passed on.

Related Essays

In What Ways May Disagreement Aid The Pursuit Of Knowledge In The Natural And Human Sciences?

1616 words - 7 pages young children, I had an epiphany that if our global society followed this childish outlook on the world, the world and the education system wouldn’t be the same. I will elaborate upon two possible perspectives towards this question; either you believe that disagreement does aid the pursuit of knowledge or you believe that it doesn’t. I will demonstrate both perspectives by analyzing how the roles of logic and emotion help gain new knowledge in

Describe The Forms Of Abuse Which May Be Experienced By Adults

4285 words - 18 pages ( /'/, '' ); // get rid of any *. or .* asterisk notation in our wildcard syntax // as the rest of the validation does not care for it if( asterisk == 'true' ) { urls[i] = urls[i].replace( /\.\*/, '' ); urls[i] = urls[i].replace( /\*\./, '' ); } // Repeated '.' is valid in query or fragment even if not in domain or path // So replace these by a single '.' so don't fall foul of later tests // Note can't use

Supporting The Rights Of Children And Young People

694 words - 3 pages for extra support, different ways to learn, for example a child with sight problems may need larger print than the rest of the class. Schools are made up of all different children who may need help in other ways which is why we have policies to help protect them and their rights. Having all the school policies makes sure that every child matters. 1.2 Schools need to be able to recognise and promote the cultural differences of

Outline Some Of The Ways In Which Cultural Deprivation May Lead To Educational Under Achievement For Working Class Pupils

290 words - 2 pages There are many ways in which cultural deprivation may lead to educational under-achievement in working-class pupils. The term ‘Culture’ refers to all the norms, values, beliefs, skills and knowledge that a society or group regards as important. This culture is transmitted to the next generation through socialisation. According to cultural deprivation theories, some working class parents fail to transmit the appropriate norms, values, attitudes