This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outbreak Of Ww1 Essay

2427 words - 10 pages

‘Made in St Petersburg’. Discuss this assessment of the outbreak of general European war in 1914.

The spark that led directly to the outbreak of war was the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. The events that took place in Europe prior to 1914 have to be focused upon as being pivotal motives in the outbreak of war. Russia deeply influenced and played a key role in the outbreak of World War One, but it is difficult to say she was the sole cause. The different alliance groups, Nationalism, economic stability, domestic tensions and the divergent Foreign Policies in the Central European countries were collectively the reasons that ...view middle of the document...

With the initial breakdown of the Turkish Empire in 1914, the hostility between Berlin and St Petersburg reached a climax. Yet once the war was imminent in 1914 [2]’the Russians nor any of the other Powers believed it in their best interest to see what was left of the Turkish Empire being partitioned between them.’
Yet once war broke out Russia still would have liked to secure the Turkish straits and increase their Polish territory at the expense of Germany and Austria-Hungary. This may not have been a plausible reason for Russia at the time to mobilise her army but it was a definite part of Russia’s war aims.
The Serbian Crisis however, was more fundamental in the assessment of the outbreak of war. Serbia, to which Russia felt she owed responsibility to defend the Pan’ Slav Movement and the German ‘blank cheque’ offered to Austria-Hungary ensued the partial mobilization of Russia’s army. Russia was in fact the first country to mobilize her army which in essence accelerated the outbreak of war.
‘[3]Russia’s declaration of mobilization severely foreshortened possible diplomatic intervention from London which might have changed Germany’s course.’ Arguably, London’s involvement in foreign affairs was slow and vague. Intervention from Britain was not relied upon, as their neutrality was questioned. Russia’s mobilisation did accelerate and add tension to the outbreak of war but Britain’s intervention may not have been sufficient enough to deter war. The German Government did encourage and in fact desired an Austro-Serb conflict which they knew would lead to war. Additionally Russia’s mobilisation was a means to pressure Vienna into backing down and was by no means a replacement for war since the soldiers could have been stopped by the borders.
Russia did not fully comprehend the consequences of mobilising her army and this was due to the lack of communication of the autocratic government. Nicholas II’s thirst for total control led to a severe lack of communication between cabinet ministers and officials. This took its toll when Danilov mobilised Russia’s army without consulting any of the war ministers.
‘Made in St Petersburg’ is therefore effective in the sense that once Russia mobilised her forces, Germany declared war. Arguably though, other factors came into play with the onset of World War One.
France, another member of the Entente is questionably a minor player in the events that led up to and instigated the outbreak of a general European War. France shared a long standing hostility towards Germany. The Dual Alliance coupled with their Entente status [i]‘ provoked rather than deterred Germany and thus helped render the diplomatic situation in Europe more perilous.’ The events that led up to 1914 for France were relatively minor in the onset of World War One, it is 1914 itself that was important. France’s alliance and support for Russia detrimentally encouraged a war rather than...

Other Papers Like Outbreak of Ww1

Assess the Impact of War on the Lives and Attitudes of the British and German Soldiers 1915 to 1918!

1629 words - 7 pages soldiers was by the change in attitudes. At the outbreak of the war the British public had a very positive mindset. Under the voluntary system in place in Britain, young men dreamed of doing “great things for one another” and imagining war would be heroic. This sounded great and because of this mindset “in the first 18 months of the war” “approximately 2.4 million men joined the British army.” On the other hand in Germany enlisting was compulsory but

The History Of Drones Essay

2009 words - 9 pages attacks initiated an outbreak of advances in military technology over the past decade that has helped the U.S. and its allies redefine modern warfare”. UAVs have had a greater impact on America's missions in the Middle East than conventional aircraft. The following several ideas are what military specialist Dadney. B , Asymmetric Operations Fellow Robert Froust , congressional research associate Elizabeth Bone and congressional specialist in

Germany in 100 Years

2851 words - 12 pages shape of Weltpolitik, it transferred his global ambitions of world power to the German nation. This reiterates Fischer’s view on the way the military became more involved in public policies. To summarise, the significance of the Kaiser Reich can be seen in its contributing factors towards the outbreak of WW1. However, it is less significant than post 45 due to the outcome of WW1 creating a failed democracy in Germany (Weimar Republic), compared

Modern History

3088 words - 13 pages attack the two provinces Alsace and Lorraine, in attempt to re-capture these two lost provinces. Sarajevo, 1914 • The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand led to the immediate outbreak to WW1. • 28th June, Arch visits Bosnia. Was seen as an insult to the Serbs, date was so significant to them. • Archduke Ferdinand was killed by a 19 year old student- Gavrilo Princip. • Secret society Black Hand, helped kill the arch duke

Middle Easr

1613 words - 7 pages liberating the Arab nation and of establishing a free and independent Arab State. The British Government, in authorising the letters despatched to King-Hussein before the outbreak of the revolt by Sir Henry McMahon, would seem to raise a doubt as to whether our pledges to King Hussein as head of the Arab nation are consistent with French intentions to make not only Syria but Upper Mesopotamia another Tunis. If our support of King Hussein and the other

Worl War I

1820 words - 8 pages Balkans lead to the outbreak of war? Finally, why did everyone think the war would be over within six months? Explain. Answer There were many causes that lead the world towards the ever destructive event in the world known as World War 1, however some of the major reason behind the first world war are (The Week, 2014); Nationalism According to this nationalism, some of the nations especially the European nations believed that their nation is

Life In The Trenches Of The Western Front

3506 words - 15 pages breech mechanism which allowed the gun to have a fast rate of manipulation. When world war broke out the British Army concentrated on making the gun have a quicker rapid fire. Where every soldier who had one could fire at least 15 well-aimed bullets in a minute, this proved an excellent effect; this was seen in the first couple of months in ww1 when the German infantry suffered heavily loss. LENGTH:44.5” (1130mm

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are

Related Essays

Why Did World War One Break Out?

2142 words - 9 pages though this was a L.T.C. of war this was not very significant to the outbreak of WW1. There was fierce competition between Britain and Germany for mastery of the seas. The worst competition was the naval rivalry between these two countries. The British had introduced the 'Dreadnought', an effective battleship, in 1906. This along with competition with Germany was to protect its vast overseas empire, as a result had built the world most respected

Help Iz Lamby Essay

668 words - 3 pages The argument on the responsibility Germany should take for the outbreak of the war began with the charge of war guilt, given in the Treaty of Versailles. Germany rejected article 231 and campaigned against it successfully, and before Fritz Fischer’s theories in the 1960’s, it was widely regarded that Germany were not the sole blame for the outbreak of WW1 in 1914. Source 1 is by Gordon Corrigan in his book “Mud, Blood and Poppycock”. Published

Comparison And Contrast Of The Steps That Led Russia To Leave Ww1 And The United States To Enter Ww1

1814 words - 8 pages Comparison and Contrast of the Steps that Led Russia to Leave WW1 and The United States to enter WW1 World War 1 was one of the darkest and bloodiest chapters of World History. The heavy number of casualties and the economic loses suffered for all the European countries that took part in the ‘Great War’ , as it was known later on, are enough proves of the bloodshed and violence of it. Nevertheless, two of these countries had an

Causes Of World War 1 Essay

806 words - 4 pages including Russia, and break down Turkey and Austria-Hungary. Because Austria wanted to disable the movements of Slavs, they annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina. These two countries had a large population of Serbs, which are also Slavs. Because the Slavs got so furious of the Austria-Hungarian actions, another cause to the outbreak of war erupted. (The Causes of WW1 5) During this time there was a constant battle between Britain and Germany for the