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Origins Of Logic Essay

749 words - 3 pages

The Origins of Logic Our modern view of the word logic has taken on many forms and meanings over the centuries. According to medieval tradition, the Greek philosopher Parmenides invented logic while living in Egypt in the 5th century BC. The story is pure legend, but it does reflect the fact that Parmenides was the first philosopher to use an extended argument for his views, rather than merely proposing his vision of reality. In ancient Greece such philosophers as Gorgias, Hippias, Prodicus, and Protagoras (5th century BC) all attacked a thesis by means of argument and reasons. Their ideas set a precedent for future great thinkers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle (470-322 BC). ...view middle of the document...

Its initial growth can be seen in the comparison between what T. Wilson writes in 1551 as compared to a writing in 1605. Wilson called logike an art to reason probability, while when compared to rhetoric in 1605, it was written that logic handled reason "exact and in truth, and rhetoric handleth it as it is planted in popular opinions and manors." An idea could no longer be called logical simply because it aroused people's emotions or played upon public opinion; It had to be supported by unbiased fact and reason. In 1776, Adam Smith further advanced the validity of logic by naming it a science "of the general principles of good and bad reasoning." As thought advanced into the 19th century, logic became regarded as fact. In 1837 Sir W Hamilton stated "logic is the science of the laws of thought as thought". Thus, if something conformed to logic it was unquestionable. John Stuart Mill further developed this idea in 1843 by discussing logic as "not the science of belief, but the science of proof or evidence." The twenty-first century interpretation of logic implies a great deal of scientific...

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