Organizational Change Paper

639 words - 3 pages

Seven Organizational Approaches Paper

HCA/220

January 29, 2012

Seven Organizational Approaches Paper

The seven organizational approaches to studying the human body include: body plans and directions, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic-to-macroscopic, body systems, and medical specialty. The body planes and directions approach is the division of the body into sections from front to back, right and left, top and bottom, along with the movement toward or away from the body planes. The Coronal Plane or frontal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back sections. The front of the body is known as the anterior or ventral section and the back of the body is known as the posterior or dorsal section. The Sagittal Plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sections. The body directions represent the movement toward or away from the midline. ...view middle of the document...

The human body has five cavities; the cranial cavity, the spinal cavity, the thoracic cavity, the abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity. The cranial cavity protects the cranium which contains the brain, cranial nerves, and other structures. The thoracic cavity contains the lungs, trachea, esophagus, heart, and muscular diaphragm. The abdominal cavity is surrounded by abdominal muscles in the front of the body section and the bones of the spinal column are located in the back of the body. The pelvic cavity is surrounded by the pelvic bones in the front of the body section and the spinal column in the back of the body section (Turley, 2011).
There are four quadrants, the (RUQ), (RLQ), (LUQ), and the (LLQ). The (RUQ) represents the right upper quadrant, the (RLQ) represents the right lower quadrant, the (LUQ) represents the left upper quadrant and the (LLQ) represents the left lower quadrant. The nine regions include the right and left hypochondriacs, epigastria, right and left lumbar, umbilical, and right and left inguinal, and hypo gastric.
Anatomy and physiology are the study of the human body and the body’s functions. Anatomy became known as a distinctive division of medical science 500 years BC (Tsafrir & Ohry, 2001).
Anything that is too small to be seen with the naked eye is known as microscopic and must be looked at through a microscope whereas macroscopic is larger and can be seen without the aid of a microscope. Microscopic-to-macroscopic is used for the study of cells, tissues, and organs. Lastly, Medical specialty is used for organizing anatomy, physiology, disease, diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs used for each body system. This approach is based on the sickness or problem type. Once a type is determined a patient can be directed to specialist that works directly in that particular field or study.

References

Tsafrir, J., & Ohry, A. (2001). Medical illustration: from caves to cyberspace‡. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 18(2), 99-109. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2532.2001.00315.x

Turley, S. (2011). Medical language: Immerse yourself (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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