Organizational Behavior Final Assignment
By: Colette Gillespie
Class: Organizational Management
Teacher: Prof. Missy Santman
What is Organizational Behavior Practice (Question 1)
Organizational Behavior Practice is a field of study that investigates the impact of individuals, groups and structures upon behavior within an organization. Organizational Behavior Practices focus on many different areas like for work behavior (Group Behavior, Individual Behavior, and Collective behavior). Organization Behavior Practice is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. Organization Behavior Practice is designed ...view middle of the document...
Theories of Motivation (Question 2)
Motivation is the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. The key element of motivation is intensity, direction, and persistence. One of the theory that was mentioned in our textbooks was the Hierarchy of Needs Theory (Physiological, Safety, Social, Esteem, and Self-actualization).Which was started in the 1950. McGregor (Theory X and Theory Y), Two-Factor Theory, McClelland’s Theory of Needs, Contingency, and Expectation are some of the theory mentioned in the textbook (MT302_Robbins_15th ed_Ch07.pdf).The most common ones used in organization are: Theory X and Theory Y, Two-Factor Theory, McClelland’s Theory of Needs, Contingency, and Expectation. Some people still try to use the Hierarchy of Needs theory.
The Hierarchy of Needs Theory is more for the individual person. Physiological would be like hunger, thirst, shelter, and bodily needs, which when applying to a job to help those need it would be money. Safety would be security, protection from harm, when applying it to a job it would be like a safe work environment, a stable job. Social is the sense of belonging when applied to work it would mean acceptance from co-worker and staff. Esteem is self respect, achievement, recognition, ones potential. Self-Actualization is the drive to become what we set out to achieve, when applied to work would be working towards a goal, or higher position.
The X and Y Theory: X Theory managers believe employees dislike work and must be directed or even coerced into performing their jobs. ( Page 205 MT302_Robbins_15th ed_Ch07.pdf).A example of this type of motivation theory in an organization would be rules and regulations with were the manager directs you on what to do and how to do the job. Theory Y this is where the managers thinks employees view work as being as place for rest or play, and therefore the person learn to accept, and even seek, responsibility (page 205 MT302_ Robbins _15thed_ Ch07.pdf). Both of these theories have problem but are still used in some organizations. The problem with these theories is it does not pay attention much to the needs of the employee more to the manager and structure.
The Two- Factor Theory is Motivators, such as challenging work, recognition and responsibility, will lead to increased satisfaction and commitment to the organization. Hygiene factors, such as salary, job security, supervisory practices and benefits. This is the way The Two Factor Theory would work in an Organization. Example would be you have a project that is hard and requires a lot of detail that report must be done in two day this would be a challenge which would show motivation.
McClelland’s Theory of Needs looks at three needs (achievement, power, and affiliation). When this theory is used in an organization it would be aiming for the achievement of work done with great job performance, the need...