Organization Design Essay

1385 words - 6 pages

Organization Design
The organization design, sometimes mistakenly identified as an organization's structure, is in fact the process of aligning an organization's structure with its mission (Mind Tools, 2010). By understanding connections between tasks, workflow, authority, and responsibility an organization design is developed that supports the company’s overall goals and objectives. Aspects or concepts of organization design are important tools used to bind the staff and the mission of the organization and as organizations grow or change we can readily identify the requirement for concepts to change as well. A bad organizational design regardless of having the best leaders, a great ...view middle of the document...

Narrow versus Wide Span of Control
Span of control, narrow or wide, is the number of staff a manager efficiently and effectively supervises. A narrow span of control means that a manager has fewer staff under their supervision, whereas, a wide span of control means that a single manager has a large staff to supervise. A tall structure having many layers or management or hierarchy and fewer staff to supervise will have a narrow span of control. A flat structure has a wide span of control based on a larger staff to supervise and fewer layers of management or hierarchical levels. We also see a wide span of control in an organization where repetitive daily tasks occur and there are well-established operating procedures and guidelines, an experienced staff, and few expected problems.
Chain of Command
Chain of command is the formal line of authority, communication, and responsibility within an organization where decisions are passed from the top to the bottom of the hierarchy. By using the chain of command the principle of unity of command is maintained, meaning that each subordinate reports to one and only one superior. Longnecker (1977) suggests that organizations in the twenty-first century must adapt and become more flexible and provide quick solutions to face the ever-changing environment. As organizations attempt to place decision-making authority in the organizational structure at lower levels we see the more formal chain of command being replaced by a flatter structure. For this type of organic organization to be effective, individuals must learn to share power, resolve issues, and communicate information to all levels in the organization. Although this organic organization structure is not bound by the chain of command principle it is still an important principle in many organizations.
Division of Labor
The definition of division of labor is breaking a production process down to smaller specialized tasks so that each worker becomes a specialist in their one assigned task, especially on an assembly line (Division of labor, 2010). Division of labor will always exist based on the fact that no one can accomplish all tasks at once.
Centralized versus Decentralized
Centralized organizations consolidate power and decision-making abilities at the top of the organizational chart in other words control resides in the uppermost levels of management. Companies requiring stability, facing a crisis, and need one source for direction are or rapidly become centralized. As the staff becomes smarter and organizations grow and expand we see centralization becoming more rare. Decentralized organizations share the decision-making process across the organization allowing it to take advantage of the division of labor. The staff is empowered by the decision-making process enabling them to improve their performance by correcting deficiencies or inefficient areas immediately without continually seeking approval from management. ...

Other Papers Like Organization Design

Hr Organization and Design Essay

1986 words - 8 pages HR Organization Design: Motors and More, Inc. Dounia Benkabbou April Bombka Valerie Bright Brittany Brown MBA 533-Human Resource in Management Dr. Andrew McLeod May 15, 2016 Human Resource Organization Design An efficiently run human resources department can provide an organization with structure and the ability to meet business needs through managing the organization’s most valuable resources—its employees. This internally

Employee Behavioral Shape Organization Design and Behavior Control Is Non Existent in Organizations

4908 words - 20 pages structures and the essential behaviour control mechanisms that are used within these organizations. This essay is structured as follows: Section 2 of this essay will demonstrate arguments in favor of the proposition by stating that employee behaviour does affect the organization design and in that case behaviour control is non existent in organizations. This leads to increased motivation amongst employees leading to higher level of

Transformation Change

863 words - 4 pages and organizations are integrated into the process • Applications Stages (Strategic analysis, strategic choice, and design and implement the strategic change plan) Organization Design - Configures the organizations structure, work design, HR practice, and management to guide members' behavior • Conceptual Framework ( Strategy, Structure, Work Design, HR Practices, and Management / Information Systems) • Application Stages (Clarify design

Organizational Design

888 words - 4 pages side of the business (Allen, 2012). As we live in a world of transition, where everything is changing at the speed of light. The organizational design is an inescapable part of any organization; big or small, is the key element for integrating the people, information, and technology. Having a strong organizational design provides a clear vision, and mission, it empower employees in the decision making of the organization. As a result

Organization & Strategy

1198 words - 5 pages Foundations of Organization Lecture 12: Organizations as bundles of resources, competences and routines Markus Becker & Nils Stieglitz STRATEGIC ORGANIZATION DESIGN Program today • • • • • • • Recap The firm as a bundle of resources Resources: Routines, skills, and competences Organizational routines defined Contribution of routines to understanding organizations Roles of routines in organizations Take Away Points

Designing Effective Organizations

660 words - 3 pages Designing Effective Organizations What determines the success of one organization and the failure of another? This question has served as the root of theory and debate among experts and is still explored today. To understand the design of effective organizations, there are some important theories that may help improve the quality of organization structure and promote effective performance. One concept that may assist involves the four

Problem Solution: Best Snacks Inc

1613 words - 7 pages Key Concepts of Organizational Design Nadine Mends MMPBL/550 November 29, 2010 Maria Marin Key Concepts of Organizational Design The object of this paper is to discuss at least structures in Organization Design and Organization Design Choices. The paper will explain the importance of design choices as well as describing the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of various organizational structures. Next, the paper will

Organizational Design

1614 words - 7 pages Key Concepts of Organizational Design Marques Barnes MMPBL/550 2/3/11 Kenneth Hadzinski Key Concepts of Organizational Design Organizational design in comparison is similar to a blueprint to a construction worker. A blueprint to a construction worker includes the layout of a project, the materials needs, and instruction on how to build and where to build. Organizational design provides a blueprint for an organization just as a blueprint

Healthcare Management

517 words - 3 pages Chapter 3 Organization Design * Defined by the arrangement of responsibilities, authority and flow of information within an organization. * Organization structure is analogous to human anatomy with the caveat that an organization structure can be changed Organization Design Cont. * Two interrelated parts to organization design * How to divide the work and responsibilities and allocate them to units in an organization

An Explanation to How the Courts Have Applied the Registration Requirement of New/Original as Captured Under the Industrial Design Right, Act 660 in Protecting Industrial Design Right


Systematic Approach in Health Care

915 words - 4 pages //A Company can attain its goals with the help of a systematic approach. A system design is very important from the company's point of view. Under this section, we will discuss about system design and parameters of evaluating an effective system designing.// System Design A systematic approach is very necessary in every organization to deal with business functions, whether the organization is a manufacturing or a service unit. The proper

Related Essays

Organization Design Essay

1331 words - 6 pages Organizational Design Phoenix Summers HCS/514 October 29th, 2012 Dr. Carol Young Organizational Design Introduction Organization design is described as the formal process of integrating technology, people, and information of an organization. The organization design usually starts with the creation of a set of guidelines in which the members choose appropriate actions. An organization strategy is derived from the vision, statement of

Organization Design Essay

2203 words - 9 pages Abstract Engineers or the designers that design and re-engineer the organization, introduce the content at appropriate places in the design process. The other process is the collaboration of organization design with organizational change. The successful roles of leadership roles requires an ability to design and change the organization. Modern organizations require to be designed and properly structured to handle customers and their queries in

Organization Design Essay

1185 words - 5 pages Chapter 1: Why is shared information so important in a learning organization in comparison to an efficient performance organization? Discuss how an organization’s approach to sharing information may be related to other elements of organization design such as: structure, tasks, strategy, and culture. Shared information is important in a learning organization in comparison to an efficient performance organization because it promotes

Organization Design Essay 3328 Words

3328 words - 14 pages scheduling static annual reviews of the environment, built-tochange companies must adopt flexible and reconfigurable organizational structures. The key design principle here is to maximize the “surface area” of the organization by connecting as many employees as possible with the external environment. Structures that accomplish this increase the external focus of its members; bring in critical information about trends, opportunities and issues