Use the Expectancy theory to explain why the student’s motivation decline to such an extent that they destroyed the bottles of chili sauce.
What is Expectancy Theory of Motivation?
“Expectancy theory is a motivation based on the idea that work efforts is directed toward behaviors that people believe will lead to desired outcome” (McShane, page 132). Expectancy (Effort to Performance), Instrumentality (Performance to outcome) and Valence (reward/ outcome) are three key elements in expectancy theory, work together and range of probability is between 0 to 1 and -1 to +1(valance) and if any of the element is missing motivation become zero.
Factor influence of students “Motivation ...view middle of the document...
Student create low emotional intelligent towards women’s co-workers as a result high level of counter productive work behavior raised among them as a effect motivational force decrease as a result student’s expectancy, instrumental and valance drop.
Scholarly journal Review
Lunenburg (2011) article emphasis on management point of view on the expectancy theory how they identify, altering and implicate in organization to increase “employee’s motivation towards effort to performance expectancy, performance to reward expectancy and reward valences” and how employee’s behavior effect on these changes. Managerial leaders has to find that employees are capable for performing their job through training, proper knowledge and skill, past experience, self –confidence, reward monetarily and non- monetarily, incentive and compensation policies.
Bill, Johan and Robert didn’t have formal training, skill and knowledge and past experience working in food industry Rahim as leader not create a healthy environment only provided brief job description, and lack of reward and reorganization decreases their effort for work as result performance decline.
Kyle J. Emich explore how groups...