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Organisational Theory And Design Essay

4903 words - 20 pages

Mohamed Hassimiu Barrie
520 Quantitative Analysis
September 16, 2012

Module 2 Answer to selecting two problems from my own experience, describing problems, the improving principle and the principle that I do not want to worsen. The scenario also wants me to make use of the Triz contradiction matrix to identify suggested principles to resolve the contradictions.

As stated by economists, the desires of man are unlimited while the resources or means to satisfy these desires are limited in supply. This has been so since creation and it has never changed. Even though the world has advance nowadays through information technology and other new inventions, the desires of man keep advancing ...view middle of the document...

For instance in the process of improving the power and convenience of vehicles, vehicle manufacturers have developed spacious, faster, generally more powerful vehicles. But in lot of cases this has created other problems. The more powerful vehicles are often bigger and consume lots of fuel; they are also big which means they cannot pack anywhere. We will discuss these conflicts and look at how they are overcome in the paragraphs that follows.

There are many approaches to problem solving. This allows researchers and inventors to scientifically prove that their approach to solving a particular problem is justified. However an approach claimed by one inventor to be successful can be seen as another as unsuccessful. This means there is no one universally accepted approach to problem solving. Even for a specific problem there is no one specific approach to solving that specific problem. This has lead inventors to making trade-offs when inventing. This in itself is another conflicting discussion. Making trade trade-offs is relative and there is on universally accepted approach in deciding what to trade-off against what. Another fundamental concern of trade-offs is it incomplete fulfillment of various competing requirements. This effectively means that trade-offs are inherently suboptimal designs.

The discussion above tells us that no organization can survive in this modern competitive business environment without being innovative. Innovation has been a key for the survival of any modern business organization. The big and successful companies have entire departments that look after innovation. These organizations have research and development departments that lead in ensuring that new products, processes and technologies are introduced to customers regularly. Some organizations have even embedded innovation as a cross-cutting theme that is owned by every manager and in some cases every staff. The leading companies like Toyota are constantly producing new brands of vehicles to the market. This company already has various brands like the corolla, carina, hilux, land cruiser, tundra, and so on. All of these brands represent a specific product within the Toyota brand with unique futures that distinguish them from the rest of the other brands. Almost every year Toyota will update its various products. For instance if we examine the Toyota Land cruiser, the 2012 model is more updated than the 2011 which is more updated than the earlier models. Each model has unique futures that make it more modern and comfortable than earlier models. This helps the company’s products to become relevant and at all time up to date to meet the needs of consumers. This is the key why Toyota is the leader in vehicle manufacturing.

Apple Macintosh is also another great example of an innovative company. This company which is formed just over twenty years ago has established itself as the leader in technology which includes computers, laptops, mobile phones, ipads and...

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