In order to proceed with the assignment, it is vital for us to know what an Organisation really means. Rollinson (2008) has tried to draw a simple picture as to explain what an organization is. The author has defined an organization as something that does not exist in nature but is brought into existence by human beings. In the authorâ€™s opinion, there are goals established by the organisations that are created to serve some purpose. Therefore an organization can be conceptualized as social individuals brought into existence and sustained in an ongoing way by human beings to serve some purpose from where it follows along with human activities in the ...view middle of the document...
In relation to authors such as Szilagyi and Wallace (1987), they believed that organisational behaviour is entirely related with the study of behaviour, attitudes and performance of individuals in the organisational setting; the organisations and groups effects on the workers insights, moods and activities, the environments effect in the organization and its human assets and objectives, and the outcome of the employees on the organization and its effectiveness.
Criticism of OB
With the help of Organisational Behaviour, it is possible for an individual to understand his own behaviour and other better ways. It also projects highlights on the human side of the organisations as well as its advantages to the management. The practice and knowledge of organisational behaviour especially in business organization is effective to an extreme level in order to solve many psycho cultural issues of the employees. However, it will not completely eliminate conflicts and frustration among employees but only can reduce them. According to many behavioural scientists, great thinkers and authors, the application of organisational behaviour approach to the management of the organization is not able to solve all human related issues at work place. They also believe that the field of organisational behaviour is only descriptive and not prescriptive (Dr Singh, 2009).
Many authors have stated important factors such as Leadership, Management and Human Resource Management, Organisational culture, Groups and Teams, etc that are likely to determine the successful performance of work organisations. After reading through all different viewpoints on these corners, I believe that Leadership, Decision making and Power and Politics are the most important factors that play an important role in successful performance of any work organisations. I will be explaining all the three factors mentioned above from different authorâ€™s perceptions and at the same time find the obstacles that hinder the effective organisational performance. I am going to support the literature by mentioning evidences from case studies. At the end, I will also state attempts that can possibly be made in order to overcome those obstacles.
Leadership can be defined in many ways. However there is one definition that is quite often used. Leadership can be defined as a process where an influence of one individual can be seen on other group members towards the attainment of defined groups, or organizational goals (Barron & Greenberg, 1990). According to Subramanya V.V Sharma (1997), Leadership can be said as managing and leading individuals as well as groups in making decisions, motivating individuals in the group and evaluating the performance achieved, etc. The author also stated that the remarkable common feature of leadership is seen to inspire the behaviour of one person or group of people by another person.
The definition of Leadership according to Kotter (1996) is all about coping with...