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Organisational Behaviour Essay

4550 words - 19 pages

Definition: “Individual gathered towards under the similar circumstances to achieve common goals”.
Or
Organization is a social of unit of people organized to accomplish a common goal or set of goals. It consists of individuals who carry out different roles within it to achieve organizational goals and objectives.
Organization structure
Every organization should have Organization structure because it tells about the level of hierarchy that who is responsible to whom and also shows position of a person. Organization structure consists of vital pillars of an organization which the organization is composed of.
Frame of Organizational Structure:-
Work Specialization:-
Work specialization ...view middle of the document...

In some of the organization is based on it like navy and much active.
Span of Control:-
It explains the actual position of the manager in the organization that how managers are controlling their sub co-ordinates we have two types of spin of control. Tall and narrow and the other one is Flat and wide.
Tall and narrow
In this factor manager can handle five to eight sub co-ordinates. It is much easier to handle minimum people good communication will be there supervision will be stronger its means that the distance between CEO and lower managers is very less.
Flat and Wide
This is totally opposite to the tall and narrow. There is many sub co-ordinates under the manager. So it’s very much difficult to handle many people motivation to every is much difficult and normally human can handle eight people. So as a result no attraction to the works moral will be down. No communication between the manager and employees because it’s not easy to ask about the work daily the result will be not impressive in that kind of organization….
Centralization and Decentralization
It tells about the organization structure that who is the decision maker in the organization. Who has the power and the authority to make a decision for the firm. In the centralization decision making is concentrated by the single person and the decision making is done higher manager with no interaction from the lower level and in the decentralization decision making is get distributed in the hierarchy throughout the organization its benefits is actions and decisions are taken more quickly and more confident. Every employee is the decision maker and feel will an important and a part of an organization.
Matrix Structure
Matrix structure is the combination of the product customer, functional departmentalization. An organization which has a matrix structure that is the team work of the business and based for the project. Every department is responsible for their section. This team work is up to the project time if the project time is over then they divert to another project. Here the project manager is responsible after the completion of the project and budget
Advantages
Supports inter-disciplinary co-operation and multi-function working
Combines the benefits of specialization of the product/project structure
Develops tolerance of flexibility
Disadvantages
Here in this sector there is a big disadvantage of the loyalty between the managers and the project manager over the location of funding, dudget and recourses
Costs of added management positions, meetings
Slower decision making
Possible competition between dual managers
Organizational Culture
Organization culture is the set of values, rules, beliefs, attitudes and regulations these factors can help members of the organization to know how we will Work. To whom we will report? What we this? Why this is important?
Culture is like a backbone for the organization because it is the internal environment it play a key role to...

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