Organisation And Behaviour Essay

1317 words - 6 pages

St. Patrick’s College London

HND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
(ORGANIZATION AND BEHAVIOUR)

Lecturer: Sujata Omwenga
Student:

CONTENTS PAGE
INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………….….p. 3

1.1 ……………………………………………………………………………….PP.4-5
1.2 ……………………………………………………………………………….P.6
1.3 ……………………………………………………………………………….PP.7-8
2.1 ………………………………………………………………………………pp.9-10
2.2 ……………………………………………………………………………….pp.11-12
2.3 ………………………………………………………………………………PP. 13-14
REFERENCE LIST………………………………………………………………p.15

INTRODUCTION
Organizational behaviour is an interdisciplinary field or study, which explores individuals, group ...view middle of the document...

Functional organization according to Business and entrepreneurship, AZcentral.com, leads to economies of scale which refers to efficiency and productivity as operational scope increases.
Geographical structure is one of several organizational designs; this particular structure brings workers together in geographical divisions, other divisional structures group according product service or customer. Each division operates as if it is a company in its self, complex with the personnel to carry out various business functions such as finance , marketing and production. The division establish themselves in the geographical area they serve.
Matrix structure is an arrangement for combining functional specialization eg through departments. the matrix structure brings together employees and managers from different departments to work towards accomplishing one goal.
Divisional Structure, according to practical mangment.com, Divisional structures are organized in set of divisions were each division correspond to the end product or service provided by the organization. Each division is self-contained and has its own functional units like research , manufacturing and marketing.
In centralised structure, power and decision making are concentrated at one source and lines of authority flow from top to bottom, whereas in decentralised structures power is distributed or delegated throughout the organisation.
Culture, according to Krokosz[1998] in the organizational context, may be broadly defined as the sum of group’s or nation’s way of thinking, believing, feeling, and acting. Culture is the way of life of a group of people. More formally culture is defined as the complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by members of a society. A society can be represented by members of a nation
as well as by members of an organization.
According to Charles Handy, there are different types of organizational cultures namely, power culture, role culture, task culture, and person culture. The role culture is a functional culture whereby managers define what they expect in a clear detailed job description and company is divided into units based on roles,where technical expertise is more important than innovation whereas task culture is job or project oriented and allows easy working relationship i.e teambased.
The task culture goes with matrix structure whereby every one work as a team to accomplish a common goal but power culture refers to entrepreneurial structure where there is only one major source of power and influence.
The person culture is one that an individual is the focal point and the organisation exists to meet the needs of the professionals, an example is a Consultant in the hospital.
In conclusion, organizations differ from one another in structure and culture, even though some have things in common like the super markets eg Tesco, Sainsbury, Asda etc. The structure and...

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