Individual: Optimism and Health
June 29, 2014
Dr. Shanda Smith
There have been many studies carried out about the effectiveness of optimism as a psychological occurrence but the one I choose to review is based on a study done in my own hometown of Pittsburgh, PA in addition to the University of Miami. Many tests and research have been done on people to see if optimism does in fact have an effect on psychological and physical health. The article is called “Self‐Regulation Processes and Health: The Importance of Optimism and Goal Adjustment”. The purpose of their study was to explore the implications of self-regulatory models of human action for understanding how ...view middle of the document...
The relation between physical health and optimism is just as important as that of the one between mental and optimism. The study found optimism is associated with better physical well-being when compared to those of a pessimistic nature. During a study on coronary heart patients, they found those that were optimistic prior to surgery had better recovery rates than those that were pessimistic prior to surgery. People who are more optimistic, rather than pessimistic, have been shown to feel less physical pain. People recovering from life changing experiences, who were optimistic of their future, showed signs of better health.
Quality of life refers to conditions such as health, wealth, social conditions, as well as satisfaction of personal desires, measured on an individual’s personal values scale. Rasmussen, Wrosch, Scheier, and Carver (2006), evidenced two variables capable of influencing quality of life: optimism and adaptation of purpose. Both play important roles in life and of goals for an individual to reach. The authors stress the importance of setting life goals in order to maintain and achieve optimism.
Rasmussen, Wrosch, Scheier, and Carver (2006) also suggest the importance of being able to adapt or modify their objectives and goals according to...