Optical Instruments: Simple Microscope
A simple microscope was constructed with two positive lenses and observed. Using the thin-lens equation, the focal length of three given lenses were examined and used to find the angular magnification of the microscope. After the angular magnification was calculated, a to-scale ray diagram was drawn to identify the findings.
A compound microscope has a magnification by two lenses. One of the lenses is objective, which produces a bigger image of the object. The second is an eyepiece lens that is used like a simple magnifier to see the image1. Angular magnification, M, is defined as an angle subtended at eye using an ...view middle of the document...
Also, the original angular size, θ1, and the found angular size θ2.
3. Results and Discussion
The image found is virtual because it can’t be projected, and can only be seen by looking into the optics. For real images, light actually converges, while virtual images are places that show where light appears to have converged, or where light doesn’t reach5.
The three magnification measurements found where the magnification of both the objective (Mo) and eyepiece (Me) lenses, as well as the final angular magnification (Mθ), which were as follow;
Mo: 1.47, Me: 4.50, Mθ: 5.89
The Mθ value found was closer to the actual value expected, but some missed calculations could have messed up some values throughout the lab.
For this optical instruments lab, a simple microscope was constructed using the focal lengths of three different lenses, arranged so that the shortest focal length and the intermediate focal length created an objective lens, and an eyepiece lens. The focal length of the short, or “green” lens was 6.5 cm, while the focal length used of the intermediate, or “yellow” lens was 11.4 cm. The preferred value of the green lens was 5.3 cm, and 10.4 cm for the yellow,...