Operation Managemnt Essay

3440 words - 14 pages

UNIT 305 – OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

NEW CAIRO PAPER MILL

TOPIC NAME

LECTURER: DR.TONY JEWELS

SUBMISSION DATE: 16.10.2013

STUDENT NAME: KHALED IBRAHIM
STUDENT ID: 867438

TABLE OF CONTENT
Executive summary ……………………………………………………………………………..3
1.Introduction 4
1.1 mission and vision 4
1.2 Objective of the Study 5
2. Key process in operations 5
2.1 Procurement 5
2.2 Production 5
2.3 Distribution 7
2.4 The sales 7
3. Planning stages and control 7
3.1 Strategic 7
3.2 Tactical 8
3.3 Operative 9
4. Environmental, Health, and Safety for Pulp and Paper Mills 10
4.1 Environment 10
4.2 Occupational Health and Safety 12
4.3 Community Health ...view middle of the document...

No matter what the source of the virgin fiber, environmental benefits are maximized when it can be reused repeatedly rather than requiring new raw resources for every production cycle. Not only does recycling reduce demand for wood fibers, it also generates many other significant environmental benefits as well.

1. Introduction
Over the centuries, paper has been made from a wide variety of materials such as cotton, wheat straw, sugar cane waste, flax, bamboo, wood, linen rags, and hemp.
The earliest paper was papyrus, made from reeds by the ancient Egyptians. Paper was made by the Chinese in the second century, probably by a Chinese court official named Cai Lun. His paper was made from such things as tree bark and old fish netting. Recognized almost immediately as a valuable secret, it was 500 years before the Japanese acquired knowledge of the method. Papermaking was known in the Islamic world from the end of the eighth century A.D.
Knowledge of papermaking eventually moved westward, and the first European paper mill was built at Jativa, in the province of Valencia, Spain, in about 1150. By the end of the 15th century, paper mills existed in Italy, France, Germany, and England, and by the end of the 16th century, paper was being made throughout Europe.
Regardless of the source, you need fiber to make paper. Today fiber comes mainly from two sources wood and recycled paper products.
Paper mills differ in their processes based on the source of fiber used and the end product produced. There are three basic types of mills:
• Pulp mills
• Recycled paper processing mills
• Mills that use both recycled and virgin fiber
1.1 Mission and vision
Mission: is to be the leading source for environmentally responsible, economically paper and meeting the business needs of customers.
Vision: To excel in serving demands of paper and paper products worldwide

1.2 Objective of the Study
The objective of the study is to analyze the operational management in the paper mill and how the process might be improved to reduce its environmental impacts.
2. Key process in operations
The paper mill divides the operations to four main stages or processes.
2.1 Procurement:
Involves the operations directed towards providing for the raw material and resources necessary for the production. In the case of pulp and paper the most important raw material is wood and recycled paper.
2.2 Production
In this process the raw materials are converted to intermediary and/or finished products.
2.2.1 Making pulp
Several processes are commonly used to convert logs to wood pulp. In the mechanical process, logs are first tumbled in drums to remove the bark. The logs are then sent to grinders, which break the wood down into pulp by pressing it between huge revolving slabs. The pulp is filtered to remove foreign objects. In the chemical process, wood chips from de-barked logs are cooked in a chemical solution. This is done in huge vats called digesters....

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