This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Operation Management Essay

4583 words - 19 pages

Operations Management
Work Study Analysis


National Institute of Business Management

Work Study

* Work Study is the systematic examination of the methods of carrying out activities such as to improve the effective use of resources and to set up standards of performance for the activities carried out.

* A generic term for those techniques, particularly method study and work measurement, which are used in the examination of human work in all its contexts, and which lead systematically to the investigation of all the factors which affect the efficiency and economy of the situation being reviewed, in order to effect improvement.

Methods ...view middle of the document...

• Objectives for the method study, these can be:
• Increase operator performance
• Improve safety, decrease hazards and fatigue
• Develop methods for other equipment.
The outputs of a Method Study will be.
• Work Instructions
• Systematic Method description involving, operators, equipment, materials and procedures. These can be of a graphical or narrative nature.
• Flow charts.
• Recommendations for improvement.

Time Study Approach

Work Measurement is the application of techniques designs to establish the time for a qualified Worker to carry out a task at a defined rate of working. Time Study is a form of Work Measurement.

The purpose of Time Study is to:
• Establish Standard Times
• Rate Operator performance
• Gain information to calculate overall production capabilities and Data for capacity planning.
• Establish the total Work content of finished goods.

The benefits from a Time Study will be:
• Knowledge about Standard Times to be expected
• Ability to estimate total Work content
• Operators can be appraised on factual grounds
• Some labour regulation might require Standard Times on the basis of solving Labour disputes.
The procedure for a Time Study will be:
1. Select the tasks
2. Record the facts
3. Analyse them
4. Calculate basic and standard times for the task
5. Agree the method and its related time
The inputs required for a Time Study are:
• Documented results of a method study for the job to be measured
• Observations of the job to be studied
• Time readings for the job to be measured from the Stop Watch.
The outputs from a Time Study will be:
• Standard times for the Job that has been measured
• Completed Time Study Sheet with ratings and times
• Knowledge about the work content for specific Products and processes.
In simple terms work study measures work and defines performance standards. There are many uses for time estimates for tasks. Operations managers can guess or assume that a job is done in the correct time or they can be systematic and use time data gathered by a systematic technique which has reasonable accuracy. Whether or not the worker likes it - pushed hard in trying to complete a job with very tight measured work standards which don't anticipate the knotty problem encountered with a particular task - is another matter.

Work study/industrial engineers need time data to plan and evaluate production/transformation processes. Rewards systems need such data for performance related bonuses. Cost calculations need to incorporate operative and machine job times Costing systems reference work study data. Work study data contributes to:
• Improved methods to raise output, quality, reduce wastage, enhance reliability and ensure safety.
• Standard time data contributes to capacity planning, scheduling, and control of staff, asset utilisation and quality improvement. Service and after-sales method improvements may be obtained as well as process improvement and better raw...

Other Papers Like Operation Management

Operation Management Essay

949 words - 4 pages OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT -TOPICS & EXAMPLES What Is Operations and Supply Chain Management? 1-2 The design, operation, and improvement of the systems that create and deliver the firm’s primary products and services ¨  Operations and supply chain management (OSCM) is ¨  ¤  A functional field of business ¤  Concerned with the management of the entire production/delivery system Goods versus Services 1-3 Goods Services

Operation Management Essay

1982 words - 8 pages Formulate an operations strategy for your business The role of operation strategy is to provide a plan for the operations function so that it can make the best use of its resources. The operations strategy must be aligned with the company’s business strategy and enable the company to achieve its long term plan. Once the business strategy has been developed, and operation strategy must be formulated. The operation strategy relates the business

Operation Management

735 words - 3 pages Organisations and Operations Management Operations management is the term applied to the activities at the core of any organisation's business and is concerned with the way in which the organisation actually puts into practice what it has set out to do. An organisation will undertake operations to make a product , provide a service or a perform a combination of the two. Hence Glaxo manufactures pharmaceuticals;BT provides

Operation Management - 4067 words

4067 words - 17 pages materials takes for 1 meter long. The remaining material will be moving into storage which take 10 minutes time. Meanwhile, our operation department will start the operation. First, the machines will assembly the spectacle and its structure according to the design for 20 minutes longer. Next, they will start to build a frame in 10 minutes time. Once the frame had built, it will send to the next operation which the machine will insert the lens and the

Operation Management - 3233 words

3233 words - 13 pages 1 Operations and Productivity Learning Objectives When you complete this chapter you should be able to: 1. Define operations management 2. Explain the distinction between goods and services 3. Explain the difference between production and productivity 4. Compute single-factor productivity 5. Compute multifactor productivity 6. Identify the critical variables in enhancing productivity 1-1 1-2 What Is Operations Management? 1

Operation Management - 2768 words

2768 words - 12 pages what you should be able to do after reading Chapter 21 and working through this study guide. • Look on operations management as a subject which has important connections with many of the important issues facing business today. [pic] Globalisation Notwithstanding any views you may have on the merits or not of globalisation, as operations become more international some interesting issues do arise. Here are three which are not fully explored

operation management

2624 words - 11 pages Master of Business Administration Cohort : MBA/05/ PT – Year 1 Special Examinations for 2005 / Semester 2 MODULE: OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT MODULE CODE: MBA2105 Duration: 2 Hours 30 Minutes Instructions to Candidates: 1. You are required to answer three questions in total. You should choose only one question from each section. 2. Section A questions primarily relate to Operations Design and Quality Planning and Control 3. Section B

Operation Management - 1701 words

1701 words - 7 pages earn any desired of operating income. Knowing the break-even sales volume can be of vital importance to business operation. It can help them decide whether to introduce a new product line, build a new plant, remain in business. It is also use during the budget process to set sales targets, estimate costs, and other information needed for multiple decisions. The variable that affect the breakeven point are: * Fixed costs any change in

Operation Management - 4875 words

4875 words - 20 pages Operation Management – Forecasting Outline: * * Global Company Profile: Tupperware Corporation * What Is Forecasting? * Forecasting Time Horizons * The Influence of Product Life Cycle * Types Of Forecasts * The Strategic Importance Of Forecasting * Human Resources * Capacity * Supply-Chain Management * Seven Steps In The Forecasting System * Time-series Forecasting

Production and Operation Management

863 words - 4 pages Production and Operation Management Cheng Guoping Chapter 1 Introduction 1. Production System 2. Production and operations in the organization 3. Function and jobs of POM 4. Decision Making in POM 5. The emergence of production and operation management 1. Production System Production and operation management (POM) is the management of an organization's production system, which converts input into the organization 's products and

Operation Management (Opm)

3458 words - 14 pages Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Operations management and scope of operations management 4 2.1 Quality control 4 2.2 Stock management 4 3.0 Roles of Operations Manager 5 3.1 Guidance 5 3.2 Motivator 5 3.3 Improve overall performance of operation 5 3.4 Communication and Coordination 6 3.5 Financial planning 6 4.0 The strategic choice for location 7 5.0 Application of technology 8 5.1 Barcode system 8 5.2 Price

Related Essays

Operation Management Essay 3480 Words

3480 words - 14 pages Contents Introduction 2 Task 1: Nature and the Importance of Operation Management 2 Task 2: The Link between Operation Management and Strategic Planning 4 Task 3: Organizing a Typical Production Process 6 Task 4: Application of Relevant Technique to the Production of an Operational Plan for an Organization 7 Conclusion: 9 References: 10 Introduction Operation management is a part of overall function of a business organization

Operation Management Essay 4783 Words

4783 words - 20 pages meetings, operation staff raise issues on competitor's way of working that have been observed whiles at their job, (Scanning their Environment) and suggested some they consider as helpful to be implemented in their processes. The issue though is that some of the observations need management response and action which are often lacking.RECOMMENDATION FOR IMPROVING THE OPERATIONS FUNCTIONShort TermSUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENTThe whole operation is dependent

Operation Management Essay 3079 Words

3079 words - 13 pages Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction 2 1.1 Company Background 2 1.2 Nature of business 2 1.3 Objectives of Operation Performance 3 Chapter 2: Methodology of Data Analysis and Findings 4 2.1 Transformation Process 4 2.2 5Ps in Education Service 5 2.3 Service process matrix, challenges and delivery 7 2.4 Designing service and process 9 2.5 Operations management in people, jobs and organizations 10 2.6 Working

Operation Management Essay 4552 Words

4552 words - 19 pages ........................................................... 5 2.1. 2.2. Organizational Operation Management at HFL .......................................................... 8 Key Operations at HFL ................................................................................................. 9 2.2.1. Milk Collection .......................................................................................................... 9 2.2.2. Distribution