This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Operant Conditioning And Child Rearing Essay

1075 words - 5 pages

Operant Conditioning and Child Rearing
Most people consider that learning takes place as a natural response from animals to diverse experiences. Nevertheless, learning is part of a more complex process that takes place when humans experience diverse events. Classical and operant conditioning are basic learning forms by which diverse patterns of behavior are acquired when a well-defined stimuli is present in a life experience. This paper discusses how the concept of operant conditioning may be applied in educating a child.
Prior to discussing the concept it deems pertinent defining “operant conditioning as a form of cognition in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, ...view middle of the document...

Feldman (2009) asserts that reinforcers, as well as, rewards increase the likelihood that a preceding response takes place again. However, there is a difference between these terms as rewards are considered limited to positive events while reinforcers can involve positive or negative outcomes. In operant conditioning behavior is strengthened by providing a consequence that the individual considers rewarding. Conversely, the removal of an unpleasant reinforcer known as “negative reinforcement” can also help strengthen behaviors because it involves the stop or removal of an adverse stimulus (Feldman, 2009).
The concept of operant conditioning has been associated with increasing the chances that a behavior is repeated, for instance, it can be use to increase the likelihood that a behavior is repeated. For instance, operant conditioning can be used to create in a child the habit of cleaning his or her room. When parents want to get their children to complete an assigned chore like cleaning their rooms they can create a simple plan using operant conditioning to motivate the children to repeat the desired behavior.
The first step is to create the expectations of what the parent considers the desired outcome in terms of scheduling and goals. For example, how many times is a child to clean his or her room in a determined period, or what does the parent consider a clean and organized room should be, and the development stage of the child involved in the desired behavior. This means that chores are to be tailored to the child developmental stage. The following step is to communicate those expectations to the child and ensure the child understands what is expected of him or her, and that from now on behaviors are tide to consequences that positive or negative behaviors are to have positive or negative reinforcement. Therefore, for completing or not all the assigned chores the child will be reinforced accordingly.
When all required chores are completed and the parent has supervised that the child completed satisfactory, the child receives a reward that can take various forms like periodic allowance, additional TV or play time, it all depends on how the parents and the child establish the motivating reward for the behavior to take place again. The reinforcement the child receive for cleaning his or her room serves as a positive...

Other Papers Like Operant Conditioning and Child Rearing

1. Distinguish Between Operant Conditioning, Observational Learning, and Social Learning. How Are These Different Kinds of Learning Utilized in the Work Place? Give Specific Examples for Each One

775 words - 4 pages 1. Distinguish between operant conditioning, observational learning, and social learning. How are these different kinds of learning utilized in the work place? Give specific examples for each one. • Operant conditioning is the type of learning that is reflexive with voluntary behavior. For example: If there is a bee flying around your head trying to land on you, you will swat at the bee to try to get it to go away. • Observational learning is

A Comparison of the Child Rearing Practices of the “Baby Boomer” Era and Those of the New Millennium

2775 words - 12 pages Before the nineteenth century, maternal instinct was considered the only tool essential for successful childrearing. Beginning in the 20th century the science of child development was first established, and with each subsequent generation new theories are introduced about the most appropriate way to raise children. This scientific development brought about the deliverance of an abundant amount of child rearing advice that could be found in

Phobias and Addictions

844 words - 4 pages ). Additions can be developed through operant conditioning. Phobias and addictions are different forms of behaviors just as classical and operant conditioning are responses learn responses. Extinction is also a form of classical conditioning. Both classical and operant conditioning differ in how an individual responds. Phobias and Addictions Phobias are human developed fears. They are fears seem irrational or harmless to other individuals

Phobias, Addictions, Conditioning

968 words - 4 pages Phobias, Addiction, Conditioning Amy A. Schroeder University of Phoenix General Psychology 300 Belky Schwartz March 16, 2014 Phobias, Addiction, Conditioning Phobias, addictions born that way or are we taught these characteristics through different forms of conditions that occur throughout our lives, in this paper I will be exploring these ideas. Distinguish between classical and operant condition, explain what extinction means and

Phobias and Addictions

956 words - 4 pages as classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Some phobias are believed to be developed through classical conditioning. If a neutral stimulus is paired with and unconditioned stimulus that creates an unconditioned response that causes fear, a conditioned stimulus of fear will occur every time you encounter the neutral stimulus. In a study performed by JohnWatson, the founder of American behaviorism, he tested the theory of phobias

Individual Programmatic Assessment Operant Conditioning

890 words - 4 pages Individual Programmatic Assessment Operant Conditioning Individual Programmatic Assessment: Operant Conditioning PSY/390 August 3, 2015 Individual Programmatic Assessment: Operant Conditioning Psychologists and scientists have been studying from the very beginning the concept of learning, and the several different ways that humans and animals can retain, access and store information. Many theories are linked with learning; these

Operant Conditioning

743 words - 3 pages Operant Conditioning Paper Operant conditioning is very common in society today. Most people are unaware that they are using it throughout their everyday encounters. There are many different ways to enforce operant conditioning. In this paper we will describe the theory of operant conditioning, compare and contrast positive and negative reinforcement, determine which form of reinforcement is most effective and why, select a scenario where you

Operant Conditioning

899 words - 4 pages Tony E. McCaffity PSY390 Learning and Cognition Individual Programmatic Assessment: Operant Conditioning October 27, 2014 Describe the theory of Operant Conditioning The theory of Operant Conditioning is developed the behaviorist B. F. Skinner. Operant Conditioning according to Skinner is based on the observing the causes of the action and its consequences. Skinner’s used this

Perspectives Paper Psy 310

1427 words - 6 pages conjunction with a sudden, loud noise to classically condition fear of the rat (Goodwin, 2008). In 1920, he published his most famous conditioning experiment; the "Little Albert" study in which he produced, in a small child, conditioned fear of a white rat by repeatedly presenting it paired with the loud "clanging" of a metal bar. A leading expert on child-rearing in his time, Watson called for minimal physical contact between parents and children

Instrumental/Operant Coditioing

1788 words - 8 pages and consequence. B.F. Skinner believed that the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He called this approach operant conditioning. His theory of operant conditioning was based on the work of Thorndike (1905). In other words Skinner tells us that the behaviors that are reinforce will tend to continue, while behaviors that are punished will tend to end. He simply tells us how a child or an

Beh 225 Pavlov

460 words - 2 pages In psychology, two important behavior concepts that are taught are classical and operant conditioning. Operant conditioning, invented by B.F. Skinner, (or instrumental conditioning) is a type of learning that is modified by consequences of an individual’s behavior. Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs establishing associations between different events. Both of these types of conditioning are used to treat phobias. Some say

Related Essays

Classical And Operant Conditioning Essay

558 words - 3 pages the child receives a bad grade on a school test (the behavior). The behavior then decreases with punishment. Both classical conditioning and operant conditioning, developed by Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner, have impacted behaviorism and psychology. Operant conditioning is used often by parents, school teachers, and police officers; because it is proven that certain behaviors can be controlled by use of reinforcements and punishments

Classical And Operant Conditioning Essay

574 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Learning and Memory Worksheet 1. Write a 450- to 700-word essay to describe the relationship between classical and operant conditioning. Explain their elements and how they differ from one another. Additionally, provide an example for how learning can occur through each mode of conditioning. Explain how Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner contributed to the study of learning and conditioning. Classical and

Operant Conditioning And Our Behaviors Essay

725 words - 3 pages Operant Conditioning and Our Behaviors What are the factors affecting people’s responses will or will not tend to be repeat? Edward Thorndike had found the theory in his cat experiment. Thorndike stated the law of effect and explained in what situation, animals and humans will tend to repeat their behavior or not. Base on the law of effect, a behaviorist, B.F. Skinner gave ”Operant Conditioning” its name. Operant Conditioning can be a

Summary And Analysis: The Relationship Between Divorced Mothers’ Perceived Control Over Child Rearing And Children’s Post Divorce Development

1566 words - 7 pages De La Salle University Summary and Analysis The Relationship between Divorced Mothers' Perceived Control over Child Rearing and Children's Post-Divorce Development Sandra Machida and Susan D. Holloway L92 Raissa Abigail Key Erica May Naranjo Edgar Jerald Pajaro Reena Mae Pascual Dr. Sherlyne Almonte- Acosta Introduction to Childhood Development Summary Divorced parents usually end up having bad relationships with their