Open Source: Salvation or Suicide?
OPEN SOURCE DEFINITION:
Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of open-source software must comply with the following criteria:
1. Free Redistribution
The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the software as a component of an aggregate software distribution containing programs from several different sources. The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale.
2. Source Code
The program must include source code, and must allow distribution in source code as well as compiled form. Where some form of a product is not distributed with source code, there must be a ...view middle of the document...
For example, it may not restrict the program from being used in a business, or from being used for genetic research.
7. Distribution of License
The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.
8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution. If the program is extracted from that distribution and used or distributed within the terms of the program's license, all parties to whom the program is redistributed should have the same rights as those that are granted in conjunction with the original software distribution.
9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
The license must not place restrictions on other software that is distributed along with the licensed software. For example, the license must not insist that all other programs distributed on the same medium must be open-source software.
10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology or style of interface
1980 – Usenet
With the arrival of Usenet, developers could collaborate on a worldwide level like never before and made it easy to share software
1983 – Richard Stallman starts the GNU Project
The GNU Project has resulted in a huge amount of open source software over time and gave birth to the GNU General Public License (GPL).Stallman followed up the GNU Project with the creation of the Free Software Foundation in 1985 to further support the free software community
1991 – Linus Torvalds creates Linux
Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by a Finnish student, Linus Torvalds, to create a new free operating system kernel which acts as a basis of almost all of the main stream open source operating systems
1993 – The founding of Red Hat
Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company that is engaged in providing open-source software products to the enterprise community
1994 – Development started on MySQL
Michael Widenius and David Axmark started developing MySQL in 1994 and released the first version in 1995 Over the years, MySQL has become the open source database solution of choice and is used by a huge number of companies and websites like Facebook and Wikipedia. As of 2009, there were more than 11 million MySQL installations
1996-Apache HTTP web server
most popular web server software
1998 - Netscape open sourced its web browser and forms an open source community called Mozilla
2004 – Canonical released Ubuntu which became the most popular linux distribution till date..
OPEN SOURCE- SALVATION OR SUICIDE?
The case is about KMS corporation having to deal with the dilemma of whether to make the source code open source or not. This case gives an insight of what the traditional model of controlling resources to get competitive...