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Ontwikkelingshulp: Gunst Of Noodzaak? Essay

743 words - 3 pages

Berend van Beijnen 0634573
Werkgroep 1
Internationale Politiek II
Elisabeth Wijnands
Paper 2

Ontwikkelingshulp: gunst of noodzaak?

Het huidige systeem van ontwikkelingshulp is ontstaan aan het begin van de jaren’60 van de vorige eeuw, als een tijdelijke onderneming als verwant van de Marshallhulp van de Verenigde Staten aan Europa vlak na de Tweede Wereldoorlog (Molenaers, Renard, 2007: 17). Dit systeem heeft alleen veel kritiek gekregen en sommige landen twijfelen zelfs of ze wel door moeten gaan met deze hulp. In dit paper zal beschreven worden waarom ontwikkelingshulp nodig is en waarom het bijdraagt aan de ontwikkeling die arme landen nodig hebben om mee te draaien in de ...view middle of the document...

Er bestaan ook theorieën die vertellen dat het uiteindelijke doel van de ontwikkelingssamenwerking moet leiden tot een vorm van een liberale democratie, waarna er een situatie gecreëerd wordt van vrije markt waardoor een beter ontwikkeldere samenleving gaat onstaan die geschoolde mensen “terughaalt” om hun beroep of functie uit te oefenen (Develtere, 2003: 72). Develtere zegt ook dat er op een bepaalde manier geïnvesteerd moet worden zodat er de garantie is dat deze mensen betaald kunnen krijgen, blijven werken en zo zelf ook weer nieuwe kansen kunnen creëren voor het land. Daarom is het volgens Develtere belangrijk om vakbonden, NGO’s, studentenbewegingen en emancipatiebewegingen te steunen, deze bewegingen staan in het zuiden dichter bij de bevolking dan de regering. Door partnerschap met deze groepen in combinatie met investeringen kan er een goede sociale structuur gevormd worden wat leidt tot duurzame ontwikkeling (Develtere, 2003: 72-73).

We zien dus dat ontwikkelingshulp wel degelijk bij kan dragen aan het creeren van een stabieler klimaat in een land of regio. Zo kunnen nieuwe technieken ontwikkeld worden door bijvoorbeeld de boeren die betere producten kunnen verbouwen. Doordat de Europese overschotten voor een lage prijs beschikbaar worden gesteld op de Derde Wereldmarkt kunnen ze deze producten alleen niet kwijt. Dit heeft niets te maken met de ontwikkelingshulp, deze...

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