Knocking down a dictatorial society
A society under absolute authority fails to accomplish the original purposes of the society. Autocratic leaders ignore others’ opinions, and thus, are limited to their own judgments. One major problem of such societies is that leaders, ignoring people’s views, act only for themselves because they do not get punished. Thus, the choices being made are for the good of the individual, not for the good of the group, causing the societies fail to achieve their original goals. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Ken Kesey displaces this malfunction of society through Nurse Ratched. Nurse Ratched possesses full authority over the ...view middle of the document...
When the supervisor is present, Nurse Ratched was openly abusing the patients under the condoning and approving eye of the supervisor. This indicates that the choices being made in the autocratic society are only beneficial for leaders. The original purpose of mental institutions was to heal patients and help them adjust to society; however, patients under oppressive powers lose their courage, independence and humanity. The absurd situation illuminated in this story clearly confirms that authoritarian society cannot achieve its goals to give advantages to individual members, because the decisions being made are only advantageous for leaders.
Despotic society fails because it lacks diversity, which is one of the most important factors of ruling. Diversity prevents leaders’ arbitrary decisions, and reflects people’s opinions to policies, and thus societies can function as good for the group. After McMurphy stirs up the patients to watch the World Classic Baseball game and sways the Big Nurse’s scepter, Nurse convenes an emergent meeting of the ward staff. Under the nurse’s oppressive power, every worker was trying to please the nurse by agreeing that since, McMurphy is intrinsically violent and a disturbing influence, he should be sent to the Disturbed ward. However, one employee, Alvin, argues, “The very nature of this plan could indicate that he is simply a shrewd conman, and not mentally ill at all” (Kesey 154). Though his diagnosis was precisely correct, the whole staff fearfully
stared at him and verbally attacked him, “I’m disappointed in you. Even if one hadn’t...