Every country has its own perks, laws, and history that make it unique all on its own. Different things like slavery in America and Venezuela’s current issue on how the students of that country are fed up with the leaders and are taking a stand are just examples of what shapes a country into what it is today. In china there are many issues that shape it into the populous country it is but one in particular really boomed the way of living in china. The one child policy has become, at least in the west, china’s most controversial family planning policy.
During the 1970’s under Mao Tse-thung’s ruling, China’s population was increasing toward a grand total of one billion people. When Mao ...view middle of the document...
The one child policy was not the only way china tried to control the population in china. China has tried different ways to control the population and to ensure that the one child policy stays true. The Chinese government has had birth control programs where they hand out birth control to women all over the country to keep them from having more children. Every month the women in some parts of the countries have to meet up with an official to have them record their period cycle every month. Not coming to these meetings would sometimes result in severe consequences.
Another explanation for the stabilization of the population is the improvement of public education. Education has a direct effect on the desired family size of Chinese women. Illiterate women desire 3.1 children on average, those literate with below middle school education hope for 2.6, middle-school-educated women want 2.4, and those with a high school education or above desire only 2 children. Approximately 58% of illiterate women have not discussed family planning with their husbands (Li, 104). With the information presented in this book, the policy seems very feasible to any person with an education. Having an education makes you aware of what is going on around you and helps the person understand that you need money to continue with life.
In the 2000 censes, the male-to-female ratio was severely skewed showing 117 males for every 100 females born. It is also said that the ratio would have increased to 120 males to 100 females in the 2010 censes. (chai, 189)
The problem begins with the preference to have boys rather than girls. Since the policy strictly enforces that couples can only have one child, Chinese couples wants to make sure that they have a boy. In the eyes of the Chinese people, boys are more valued than girls. My friend’s grandmother is Chinese and even though she has a lot of love for all her grandchildren, everyone in the family knows that she favors the boys more than the girls. For instance, on Chinese New Years her grandmother gives out money in lucky red envelopes to everyone. Every year, she gives more money to the boys than the girls. When she cooks, she would serve the boys first and when there’s an argument, she would always defend the boys. Every time one of her aunts gets pregnant, her grandmother would hope that it’s a boy. If the baby turns out to be a girl, she gets disappointed. (Cheung, interview)
Boys are more valued because they carry on the family name. Carrying on the family name is a very important Chinese tradition. It signifies power, tradition and honor. The daughters will eventually get married and change their last name. Once daughters get married, they move out and take care of the in-laws. To the Chinese people, the daughter would no longer contribute to the family because they would have other responsibilities at their new home. On the other hand, if Chinese couples have a boy, the boy would be responsible to...