Classical conditioning is a learning procedure that happens through associations between a naturally occurring stimulus and an environmental stimulus. It was discovered by Ivan Pavlov who was a Russian physiologist. Classical conditioning is based on behaviorism which states that learning happens through interactions with the environment. Classical conditioning is used to decrease or increase a behavior. This theory occurs by placing a neutral signal before a naturally occurring reflex. Additionally, classical conditioning focuses on involuntary, automatic behaviors. The most effective way for classical conditioning to be successful is if the signal comes a half second before the reflex.
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The conditioned response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus.
Steven has two hamsters but he thought they were boring, and he wanted them to be more active and playful. They usually just sat in one of the wooden houses or tubes in their cage. However, he noticed the hamsters were most active was when he fed them. He created a plan to get them more active. When Steven would get ready to feed them, he would tap on the cover of the cage then put the food in their food dishes. Eventually, the hamsters paired the tapping on the cover with them getting food. He noticed by doing this it made the hamsters more active once he walked over to their cage and tapping the cage cover. Steven decided to conduct a four week experiment in which he would see if his hamster would become more active when tapping the cage cover and presenting them with food.
* Activity | * Week 1 | * Week 2 | * Week 3 | * Week 4 |
* Plan to get Hamsters more active | * Tap cover * Give food | * Tap cover * Give food | * Tap cover * Give food | * Tap cover * Give food |
* Behavior * Change | * Came over to food dishes when food was presented. Appeared to begin to notice the connection between the taping of the cage cover and getting food. * | * Noticed the connection between the tapping of the cover and getting food....