This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Oil Politics Trans Siberian Pipeline Essay

853 words - 4 pages

Trans –Siberian Pipeline:

The Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhgorod pipeline (also known as the West-Siberian Pipeline, or Trans-Siberian Pipeline) is one of Russia's main natural gas export pipelines, partially owned and operated by Ukraine. The pipeline was constructed in 1982-1984. It created the transcontinental gas transportation system Western Siberia-Western Europe.
Controversies surrounding the pipeline
The erstwhile Soviet’s plans to build the pipeline were considered a threat to the balance of energy trade in Europe, and were strongly opposed by the Reagan administration. The United States prevented U.S. companies from selling supplies to the Soviets for the pipeline, as part of what was ...view middle of the document...

A number of issues that keep emerging as a result of this dispute are:
whether Ukraine is using the supplies for its domestic consumption? Are Ukraine's actions being orchestrated by the United States?
Whether Russia is exerting pressure on Ukrainian politicians or attempting to subvert EU and NATO expansions to include Ukraine?
A serious dispute began in March 2005 over the price of natural gas supplied and the cost of transit. During this conflict, Russia claimed Ukraine was not paying for gas, but diverting it intended to be exported to the EU from the pipelines. Ukrainian officials at first denied the accusation, but later Naftogaz admitted that natural gas intended for other European countries was retained and used for domestic needs. The dispute reached a crescendo on January 1, 2006, when Russia cut off all gas supplies passing through Ukrainian territory. On January 4, 2006, a preliminary agreement between Russia and Ukraine was achieved, and the supply was restored. The situation calmed until October 2007 when new disputes began over Ukrainian gas debts. This led to reduction of gas supplies in March 2008. During the last months of 2008, relations once again became tense when Ukraine and Russia could not agree on the debts owed by Ukraine.
Mikhail Khodorkovsky: A victim of Oil Politics?
In 2004, Mikhail Khodorkovsky was the wealthiest man in Russia and one of the richest people in the world, ranked 16th on Forbes list of billionaire.
Khodorkovsky had worked his way up the Communist apparatus during the Soviet years, and began several businesses during the era of glasnost and perestroika. After the dissolution of the...

Other Papers Like Oil Politics -Trans-Siberian Pipeline

Phases of Industrialisation in Europe Essay

668 words - 3 pages 1866 First transatlantic telegraph cable laid 1867 First typewriters came into use in America (though patent for primitive typewriter taken out in England in 1714) 1886 Germans Daimler and Benz manufactured first cars using internal combustion engine 1888 Orient Express train ran from Paris to Constantinople 1904 Trans-Siberian railway completed In 1838, the firm of Krup, one of

Energy Summary Essay

950 words - 4 pages stakeholders, and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each energy source according to each stakeholder’s point of view and present possible strategies for solving the limited-resource issues raised in these case studies with explaining the role of conservation in these strategies. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Since 1980 there has been an on and off debate regarding opening the refuge to oil drilling. The refuge is close to the Trans

How Far Do You Agree That the Economy of Tsarist Russia Was Transformed in the Years Up to 1914?

1089 words - 5 pages introduction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, which enabled more workers to move further away in order to gain income, and allowed them to flood into the cities each morning! It also meant that raw materials could be transported across the Country to be exported. All though, this was a breakthrough in terms communication, the other forms of transportation were disappointing which limited the industrialisation to a few areas round Russia. Only a few

Witte's Benefit To Russia

1099 words - 5 pages force, and cut out the impoverished instability that came with the 1st phase of industrialisation. He felt if this dangerous phase could be controllably rushed then Russia’s powers would increase dramatically and efficiency could be reached sooner. Probably the most important development to occur under his Ministry was the construction of the 9600km Trans Siberian Railway. Work, which began in 1891 was finally

Oil and Gas Industry Research

3043 words - 13 pages . (Krylov 187) In 1848 oil drilling started in what is now known as Azerbaijan after which the Russian empire built two large pipelines for transportation of oil. First pipeline was completed in 1906 from the Caspian to the port of Batumi in Black Sea with length of around 833 kilometres and another 162 kilometres long pipeline from Chechnya to the Caspian for transfer of oil. By early 20th century Apsheron Peninsula in Russia produced half the total

China and Usa in New Cold War over Africa’s Oil Riches

3171 words - 13 pages and suspended the project in 1984. In 1992, it sold it's Sudanese oil concessions. Then China began to develop the abandoned Chevron fields in 1999 with notable results.But Chevron is not far from Darfur today. Chad oil and pipeline politics Condi Rice’s Chevron is in neighboring Chad, together with the other US oil giant, ExxonMobil. They’ve just built a $3.7 billion oil pipeline carrying 160,000 barrels/day of oil from Doba in central Chad near

Petropolitics and the American Foreign Policy

4359 words - 18 pages render Russian oil - more expensive to produce - uncompetitive, which would cloud the prospects for attracting foreign investment to tap Siberian oil deposits. In 2009 the giant Majoon field in Iraq was auctioned off for the exploitation by oil companies with British owned shell being the clear winner or a fixed fee of circa $1.40 per barrel [20]it was a clear departure from the old oil for food program Iraq was on its way to recovery and the

To What Extent Did the Russian Economy Improve in the Period 1894-1942?

912 words - 4 pages balance of payments • Russian currency under gold standard • Trans Siberian railway- connected to remote areas where migration was needed into cities= more investments from abroad because impressed • GDP growth 96.8% from 1898-1913 Limitations • Made R dependent on foreign loans • Neglected light engineering areas e.g. machine tool production- help modernise manufacturing • Neglected agricultural needs • Great spurt had also been down to

How Destabilization Of South Sudan Would Effect US Foreign Policy

1600 words - 7 pages access to the pipeline if they did not get their proposed 50 percent cut instead of a discount or transit fee (Trivett, 2011). South Sudan cannot afford to lose oil revenue to other countries, as it is the staple of its economy to help fund social programs and create infrastructure. South Sudan should look to develop more infrastructures to export the oil by other means, potentially through other pipelines through other countries. This is

Nigeria and Shell

4337 words - 18 pages since 1993. Threats to Community Livelihood Oil operations are contributing to both immediate and long term effects of pollution. Immediate effects of pollution include gas flaring, acid rain and pipeline leaks. Gas flares have become a distinctive feature of the Niger Delta landscape and are a testament to the wasteful practices of oil industry operations. Most of these flares burn 24 hours a day and some have been doing so for over 40


1200 words - 5 pages “China has been pragmatically mending fence with Juba and exploring with the Kenya Pipeline Corporation to build a pipeline that would deliver Southern Sudanese oil” (432). Despite their initial intentions to remain advocates as a non-intervention country, China has become involved within the countries to benefit economically. Moreover, “China since 1961 has become more flexible and pragmatic towards UN peacekeeping” resulting in behavior

Related Essays

Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion Project: Regulatory Requirements And Technical Analysis

3021 words - 13 pages years supplying British Columbia and United States of America. Currently, it deals in a wide range of crude oil products. In 2013, the Trans Mountain Company unveiled a massive 12 billion pipeline expansion project. The proposed Trans Mountain Expansion will go along the existing route that begins from Burnaby to Edmonton (Morgan, 2013). The company is taking this step in liaison with the government to meet the increasing production and refinery by

Hurrican Sandy Essay

651 words - 3 pages causes, but most of them held professionally printed two-toned blue signs that said, “STOP THE KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE.” The “o” in “Keystone” replicated the Obama campaign logo. The environmental movement was testing Obama. Would he stand by his own Inaugural Address? During the past two years, environmentalists have coalesced around opposition to the seventeen-hundred-mile Keystone pipeline, which would carry oil from northern Alberta, Canada

Russia Kazkahstan Essay

827 words - 4 pages . Trans-Siberian Railway, whose construction began in 1891 was to be held on the Northern Kazakhstan. "The special committee of the Siberian railway in three counties of Akmola region divert 2,241,503 acres of land for the resettlement of 160 thousand peasants. Since the mid 90-ies of XIX century. began an intensive resettlement to Siberia and Kazakhstan. To identify surplus land and transfer it to a "colonization Foundation organized a special

Gas Worldwide Environment Essay

3666 words - 15 pages treatments plants, electric generation stations, and a large number of oil wells which are connected with a network of flow lines and pipelines dispersed throughout the company’s area of operation. N.O.C. supplies crude oil of different types to Iraqi refineries and associated gas to North Gas Company units and to electric generation stations as well as for export through a network of pipeline system toward north and west of the country for