HORICULTURE AS A MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND HEALTH CARE
The basic human necessities are three, they are food, shelter and cloth. Plants serve the needs for these three necessities. Among these basic things of life, food plays an important role. Foods are the soul of life. Horticulture plants supplies the major food or nutrients essential for our body.
HORICULTURE - MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD
Horticulture is the practice of growing and manipulating plants in a relatively intensive manner. This process serves as a livelihood for many people in the world. Before a decade nearly 71% of the men in India were practicing agriculture as their livelihood. But now only 50% ...view middle of the document...
It has increased from Rs 27crore in the 7th plan to Rs 1000crore in 8th plan also 104crore for research activities and Rs 3200crore in 10th plan.
EXPORT – THE INCOME YIELDER
Horticulture products either as fresh or dried products yield income through export for the nation. Horticulture export yields 25% of income to the nation. It exports flowers on large scale which yield good income to the farmers. Flowers which are used either fresh for decorative purpose or their fragrance containing oils used in perfumes and other cosmetic products. It also exports many fruits and vegetables to other countries which leads the pathway for our economic development. Certain fruits and veggies like grapes grown in Maharastra have the world quality for export. Plantation crops such as tea, coffee, rubber, coconut etc gives good income on export. Many lands which were called waste lands were used for cultivation by using scientific technologies like drip irrigation and other methods have resulted in good yield. New scientific methods like precision farming, fertigation and many improved technologies were the golden opportunities to the farmers for acquiring tremendous profit. Our country’s total agriculture export income shows a steady growth. In 1991-92 it was 1,741crore and in 1996-97 it was 3353crore. This is the tremendous increase which our country had not faced in any other products. The great property of our country (i.e.) the spices which attracted the foreigners to our country plays a major role in export products. Medicinal plants which has superior medicinal values, that equals nothing is also the horticulture product.
All these horticulture products make our economic development in a healthy and progressive way.
HORICULTURE MEANS OF HEALTH CARE
“Health is wealth”
So as to this saying, if health is lost everything is lost. Health plays main role for a prosperous life. It is gained only through diet. Most horticulture crops are generally good sources of fibres, carotenes, vitamins, minerals, etc., dried fruits are rich in concentrated energy, sugars, dietary fibres and iron.
The WHO report ‘Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Chronic Diseases’ 1990 recommended a goal of at least 400 g of vegetables and fruits daily, within that, at least 30 g of legumes, nuts and seeds should be included. However, as per the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), a balanced diet should contain, besides other food items, 280 g of vegetables including tubers, and 90 g of fruits per day. The average intake of fruits and vegetables was, however, only 46 g and 92 g, respectively, in the 1980’s, which has now improved in the last few years, particularly in the urban areas due to higher income levels and marked improvement in the production and availability of fruits and vegetables in the country.
At the time of the International Conference on ‘Food,...