Crisis Intervention (chapter 12 , question 2)
The first and most obvious difference between the verdicts “guilty but mentally ill and “not guilty by reason of insanity” is in the definitions themselves. The plea of not guilty by reason of insanity refers to a person that was so mentally disturbed at the time that they committed a crime that ...view middle of the document...
The judge also has the option to require that the person undergo some physiological therapy, but the actual treatment varies according to the state. Another difference between the two pleas is that there is more than one form of the guilty but mentally ill defense. This is the defense of the irresistible impulse. This defense asserts that the defendant was suffering from a mental disease that that made him or her incapable of controlling his or her actions, despite being able to distinguish right and wrong at the time that the act was committed. For both pleas, sanity is determined by the judge or jury in a separate preceding in some states. In other states, the defense is either accepted or rejected in the verdict of the judge or jury. Even if either one of these defenses lead to a verdict of guilty, the sentencing court may consider it a mitigating factor.