Nutritional Status of Male and Female Children in Rural Bangladesh: A Comparative Study on Tentultala Village of Khulna District
Sajal Kanti Roy
Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka
Abstract: It is found from considerable evidence that malnutrition affects human performance, health and survival, including physical growth, morbidity, mortality, cognitive development, reproduction, physical work capacity and risks for several adult-onset chronic diseases. In Bangladesh malnutrition is now considered as a great problem for children to overcome their future problems in life and career. In this study I have tried to show the current status of the rural children with an aim to ...view middle of the document...
The target of MDG 4 for Bangladesh is to reduce mortality of children aged less than five years (under-five mortality) from 151/1,000 live births in 1990 to 50/1,000 live births in 2015. The rates of under-five and infant mortality for the 1999-2003 periods were 88 and 65 per 1,000 live births respectively. This means that one in 11 children born in Bangladesh dies before reaching the fifth birthday while one in 15 dies before the first birthday. Children with severe acute malnutrition are more likely to fall sick and contribute to high mortality and morbidity. Al¬though children are usually taken to a healthcare facility for acute illnesses, including pneumonia or tuberculosis, severe malnutrition is often an under¬lying causal factor, which reduces the probability of the child to be cured.
Malnutrition is such a problem that demands regular assessment. Our country is already one step ahead towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of UN. We reduced our child mortality rate 151 to 87 in per thousand live birth children from 1990 to 1999, (see figure 1) that has since slowed considerably, with the figure standing at 82 in 2001. If we have to meet the 2015 MDGs then we have to reduce child mortality rate into at least 79 per thousand. And no doubt malnutrition is the main cause of child mortality.
Year 1990 1993 1996 1999 2001 2005 2008 2011 2014 2015
Under Five Mortality Rate
Data 151 139 117 87 82 - - - - -
MDG Path - - - - - 81.24 71.08 50.39 50.77 47.40
Figure: 1. Rate of child mortality to achieve MDGs by 2015.
Children’s Nutritional status is a health related issue which demand scientific measurement. Anthropometric measurement is considered as capable to meet the scientific demand of Nutritional assessment.
Nutritional assessment procedures were first used in surveys designed to describes the nutritional status of populations on a national basis. The methods used were initially described at a conference held in 1932 by the Health Organization of the League of Nations. In 1955, the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense was organized to assist developing countries in assessing their nutritional status and I identifying problems of malnutrition and the ways in which they could be solved.
I in my research Monograph used the Growth Measurement system, which study the physical growth rate of human body. Among various growth measurements I have used the widely used three measurements namely,
1. Weight for Age. (Underweight)
2. Height for Age. (Stunting)
3. Weight for Height. (Wasting)
Among these three measurements any one type of measurement (e.g. weight for age) is enough to get a overall knowledge about individuals nutritional status. But I here use all the three most common form of nutritional measurements to complete my research.
My research is aimed to measure the impact of gender difference on child malnutrition. As nutritional status changes regularly, so regular assessment of...