Jean Watson's Theory of Caring
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course N207-Theoretical Foundations in Nursing at University of the Philippines Open University. This blog is dedicated to fellow nurses, to our patients, to our classmates, and to Miss Jean Watson who gave us inspiration in caring.
* Caring: What is it?
* Caring In Action
* Jean Watson
* Philosophy and Science
* Group H
Acceptance in the Nursing Community
Margaret Jean Watson’s model or theory of caring can be considered as a foundation of our profession. It suggests the consideration of nursing as both a science and an ...view middle of the document...
” This implies the confidence of Watson to the direction of nursing and the value of nurses to the caring phenomenon.
While doing our functions as nurses, we are challenged by Watson to “care,” and while doing so, we are encouraged to answer the following questions (adapted from Theoretical Foundations of Nursing: The Philippine Perspective by Octaviano and Balita, 2008, p164):
Did I become a nurse to care?
Is caring the activity I want to involve in?
Why should I “care”?
What are my inspirations in performing my carative responsibilities?
To whom should I “care?”
When am I needed to “care?”
How will I “care” for my clients?
What are the factors than can improve my level of care?
What may happen if I will not “care?”
What are the circumstances or conditions which hinder me from “caring?”
How can I improve my knowledge, skills and attitudes regarding care?
Who cares/will care for me?
In other words, Watson’s idea on caring helps us reflect on the value of caring to our lives and its implications to our vocation or calling. It challenges us to ask ourselves about our own perceptions and opinions on caring for us to be better guided in our delivery of nursing service.
Watson emphasized the importance of describing nursing in terms of nurse-patient relationships rather than on procedures and tasks. Her theory on caring implies the need for nursing students to be trained on: personal growth, communication skills, therapeutic use of self, holistic assessment and caring towards health and healing.
When Watson authored Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring, she introduced the science of human caring and this quickly became one of the most widely used and respected sources of conceptual models for nursing.
Watson’s theory opens up a challenging door that leads researchers and scholars to questioning whether or not patients do benefit from the caring transactions. Research and practice could focus on the patient outcomes of caring transactions to validate the idea that caring is the truest essence of our profession.
The Philosophy of Caring has been used to guide nursing care among specific type of clients. There have been specific researches to identify the relevance of Watson’s Theory on Caring to the nursing care of clients with depression, adult polycystic disease and hypertension. There are also researches that try to test if the theory could be applied within the perioperative nursing setting.
Watson’s works also paved for the construction of specific care models such as The Attending Nurse Care Model and the Quality Caring Model.
Application to a Specific Nursing Scenario
Mr. S. Solis, 77 years old, live in their house with his son a tricycle driver. Mr. Solis’swife of 58 years died 4 months ago, so his daughters who are living few towns away from their father becomes concerned about their father’s condition. He was diagnosed three years ago...