Short Overview of History of Nursing Education
Nurse education expands to empirical and theoretical frameworks introduced to future nurses and aimed at preparing them for completing tasks in a nursing care unit. The education is also introduced to nursing students by professional nurses and other medical experts who have been taught to accomplish a range of educational tasks. Previously, prior to the development of the theoretical foundations proposed by Florence Nightingale, nursing was considered purely from a medical viewpoint, which involved medical intervention and treatment. Further investigations and development of nursing education has been largely ...view middle of the document...
Nightingales’ legacy has been recognized as the foundation of modern nursing. Florence Nightingale, a holistic leader who has integrated new philosophy into treating patients, focused specifically, on “the individual and the collective, the inner and outer, and human and nonhuman concerns” (Dossey, 2010, p. 14). The theorists expanded on the main concerns of humans, as well as on all dimensions of the environment. For developing her model, Nightingale has established a training program for nursing schools in England, which further spread all over the world. During the Crimean War, a prototype model has been created for wounded soldiers, leading to an innovative medical reform conducted by the British Army. At the threshold of the twentieth century, over a thousand Nurse training schools had been established in the United States and many other countries.
Historical Development of Nursing Science
The premises of Nightingale’s theory consist in forwarding social actions that demonstrate and clearly communicate the art and science of a global view on nursing. Social actions involved sacred activism, “the fusion of the deepest spiritual knowledge with radical action in the world” (Dossey, 2010, p. 15). Therefore, nightingale’s faithfulness and commitment to health and nursing had a potent impact on healing theories and humanity welfare at an international level. Its mission and philosophy is heavily applied in contemporary health care. This is of particular concern to the current healthcare system that provides education on prevention, wellness and health working and domestic environment. In 1981, the American Holistic Nurses Association was founded, in which Charlotte McGuire, the founder of the organization, along with 78 nurses, is working on the main underpinnings of holistic nursing and on “ proactive mission for a national organization to unite nurse in healing and explore the components of optimal healing environments” (Dossey, 2010, p. 15). At the end of the twentieth century, the nurses managed to predict the development of new holistic principles and integrative perspectives of healing modalities.
Influence of Other Disciplines on Nursing Science
The current situation in nursing education is strongly associated with learning and development of integrative and collaborative approaches...