PR ACTICE STAndARd
Infection Prevention and Control
Table of Contents
Introduction Standard Statements Application of evidence-based measures Application of professional judgment Risk reduction Communication Maintaining a Quality Practice Setting Case Scenarios Appendix Glossary of Clinical Terms References 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 8 9 11 12
OuR MISSIOn is to protect the public’s right to quality nursing services by providing leadership to the nursing profession in self-regulation. OuR vISIOn is excellence in nursing practice everywhere in Ontario.
Infection Prevention and Control ISBN 1-897074-32-8
Pub. No. 41002
Copyright © College of Nurses of Ontario, 2009. Commercial or ...view middle of the document...
They inform nurses of their accountabilities and the public of what to expect of nurses. Standards apply to all nurses regardless of their role, job description or area of practice. — College of Nurses of Ontario
All nurses, in all roles and settings, can demonstrate leadership in infection prevention and control by using their knowledge, skill and judgment to initiate appropriate and immediate infection control procedures. This practice standard describes a nurse’s role in infection prevention and control. There are six sections: standard statements and indicators that outline the basic expectations for nurses, a review of quality practice settings, case scenarios that illustrate how the standards can be applied, an appendix on infection transmission and management, a glossary of clinical terms and a reference list. Q. What is the simplest and most important practice a nurse can do to reduce contamination and spread of infection?
Ensuring the use of safe, effective and ethical infection prevention and control measures is an important component of nursing care. This practice standard is evidence-based and outlines practice expectations for all nurses1 in all roles and practice settings. A practice standard is an authoritative statement from the College of Nurses of Ontario (the College) that sets out the professional basis of nursing practice. All standards provide a guide to the knowledge, skills, judgment and attitudes that are needed to practise safely. They describe what each nurse is accountable and responsible for in practice. Nurses are expected to be aware of College standards and relevant governmental directives concerning infection prevention and control practices. Public protection is achieved when nurses practise according to the standards. Knowledge of clinical infection control practices is continually growing and changing. While the principles of infection control (prevention, transmission and control) do not change, specific clinical practices may evolve as a result of new evidence. For this reason, this practice standard provides broad statements and does not include specific clinical practice information. A nurse is expected to consult appropriate resources for clinical advice and access resources in a timely manner. These resources may include, but are not limited to, an infection control practitioner, relevant nursing resources and guidelines from Health Canada and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.
A. Proper hand hygiene is the single mostimportant infection prevention and control practice.
In this document, nurse refers to a Registered Practical Nurse (RPN), Registered Nurse (RN) and Nurse Practitioner (NP).
College of Nurses of Ontario Practice Standard: Infection Prevention and Control
PR ACTICE STAndARd
Application of evidence-based measures Nurses understand and apply evidence-based measures to prevent and control transmission of...