Notes On Hume & Poppers Different Philosophies

885 words - 4 pages

HUME NOTESThe Argument From Miracles-?There must always be a presumption against the occurrence of a miracle?.. The evidence for a miracle will always be weaker than the evidence for some other hypothesis; why? Lot of evidence in support of the laws of nature (gravity).. That there is much less or no evidence that states it?s a miracle (something going against nature or man-kinds natural abilities).-Additional argument: ?People tell lies & make mistakes. It is much more likely that a person in question has lied and/or made a mistake than the person overturned the laws of nature.?Arguments against Hume?s ?miracle thesis?s?:-Do unexplainable, extraordinary events happen in real life? This ...view middle of the document...

Out universe is stable. For this stability to be possible, it is necessary for all parts of the universe to work and adapt seamlessly to one another. An example: Animals on Earth would not survive if it were not for their ability to adapt under different environments and circumstances. If this were not true, animals would not exist. One problem with this argument:-Is it possible for an undesigned universe to exist? Yes, says Hume. Stability (by definition) lasts much longer than instability / chaos. If the universe began in a chaotic state, reaching stability by accident, chances are that this form of stability will remain for some time to come.InductionHere, Hume and Popper generally are in agreement with each other.POPPER NOTESThe Methods of Science: Theories and Interferences1. Poppers? Falsification Theory (account of scientific reasoning)-Scientists formulate ?highly falsifiable? theories which are then put to test. It can be said that scientists spend a lot of time proving their theories wrong. When all the scientists? theories have been proven false with the exception of one of them, one can presume for the minute that this theory must be correct. But:-No theory is true for all time. Every theory made is only as good as a hypothesis, making it then open to the possibility of refutation.Arguments & Problems...

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