This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Normative Politics Essay

1000 words - 4 pages



Institutionalism put much emphasis on formal legal and political arrangements of the society. Unlike normative political theory which is more theoretical, institutionalism is more empirical in nature. Adrian Leftwich in his book “What is Politics”, argues that normative political theory and institutionalism are the two pillars of traditional political science. But others, especially behavioralists have criticized Leftwich by arguing that the concept of political science is too broad, and that there is more to political science than just normative political theory and institutionalism. With regards to the ...view middle of the document...

They also argue that it is essential to study the history of political institutions because they have their own histories which are relevant in analyzing upcoming political events in the state. And so the essence of this type of method is said to be hyper-factualism where the researcher must commence his research by observing thoroughly the facts under ground and relating them to each other. Hence it is on this basis that this type of research is also inductive because the researcher draws inferences from repeated observations he has done already. However, others have criticize this method that putting soo much emphasis on history (facts) have led to many institutionalist describing themselves as hard-core empiricists and considering theory as only secondary or incidental.
The formal-legal is the second method used by institutionalists in their study of political institutions in political science. The word “legal” is about the study of public law and ‘formal’ is about the study of government institutions. Hence this method is used to study what we call the ‘constitutional structure’ of the state. When we talk about constitutional structure, we are referring to the entire system of the fundamental political system, invariably the public legal system. In using this method, the institutionalists deem it necessary for the study of all the structures that make up the state. These institutions include the executive, legislature, judiciary, etc. The written constitution which is the law that regulates activities surrounding the state are also studied as well. Therefore the study of political systems includes the study of the public legal system of the state. This formal- legal method is still dominantly practiced in continental Europe which attests to why students of political science are required to study the public legal system as well.
The third and last method used by intitutionalists is the historical-comparative method. This method is accredited to W. Wilson who wrote in his book in 1899 “The State: Elements of Historical and Practical Politics”. In this book he states the importance of the use of thorough comparative and...

Other Papers Like Normative Politics

Caste in Indian Society and Politics

2333 words - 10 pages Soumi banerjee. Presidency university ,Kolkata Political sociology paper, TAUGHT BY Y.S.SIR Changing dynamics of Caste In Indian Politics The word ‘CASTE’ is derived from Spanish word ‘CASTA’ which means , ‘breed or lineage or race’. It was first applied by the Portugues to the particular Indian Institutions known by the name of ‘Jati’. CASTE is a ‘state of mind’, ( Ambedkar, 1936 : 33) In 1955, M N Srinivas presented a paper

An Analysis Of Concepts In Psychology

1436 words - 6 pages , informational and normative influence. In situations when people are searching for the correct response, individuals refer to those who are better informed (or so we think) and use their lead as a guide for our own behavior. This reason of conformity is known as Informational influence because it pertains to seeking the appropriate information or response to a situation. The other reason of conformity is known as Normative influence and is spawned from an

Individual And The Social Structure

4020 words - 17 pages : How Politics Profits from the Normative Surplus of Capital'", in R. in t' Veld, L. Schaapp, C. Termeer and M. van Twist (eds.), Autopoiesis and Configuration Theory: New Approaches to Societal Steering (Dordrecht, 1991) 127Walzer, M. Spheres of Justice ( New York, 1983).Wilson William J. 1980. The Declining Significance of Race. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 178-83

Hreq 1710 Midterm Review

3254 words - 14 pages Chinatowns as an example of the racialization of Chinese people. They were categorized as “outsiders” and only considered as temporary workers without any type of right in society. Also women in Canada have been racialized in different stereotypes. NORMATIVITY Are normative statements or norms that affirm how things should be? These norms are the standard of a correct behavior. In the reading of the book Re-Thinking Canada, the chapter about

Critiques of International Society

2013 words - 9 pages Critiques of International Society Several major criticisms can be made of the lnternational Society approach to IR. First, there is the realist critique that the evidence of International norms as determinants of state policy and behavior is weak or non-existent. Second, there Is the liberal critique that the International Society tradition downplays domestic politics-e.g. democracy-and cannot account for progressive change in international

Humanitarian Intervention And International Law

1119 words - 5 pages Humanitarian Interventions are hard to define and hard to distinguish from violations of international law. Pasic and Weiss bring up many distinguishing facts in their article that separate humanitarian interventions from violations of sovereignty law. International politics are hard to regulate because of so many different governments, cultures, religions and norms in that when they are combined it is almost impossible to create a median

Religion Essay

905 words - 4 pages peace. Christians turn to the bible for guidance and knowledge on how to live out the notion of peace. The New Testament is the normative text for all Christians, it’s the principal and foundational source of teaching for all Christians in which peace is mentioned over ninety times. Christians are taught to reject violence, the strongest statements against engaging violence come from the preaching of Jesus himself. In Matthew 6:39 it states

Demographic Factors Influencing Organizational Commitment

1458 words - 6 pages measured variables by utilizing Meyer and Allen’s 1990 three-component model of organizational commitment, which consisted of affective, continuance and normative commitment, measured the study variables. Affective commitment refers to the emotional attachment and willingness of an employee to remain with the company. Continuance commitment is measured in the employees perceived cost as it relates to leaving the organization, and normative


1359 words - 6 pages general given the fact that professional journalists try to be more exclusive than the rest. In regard to the above, (Mendelson,2007, 170 )the paparazzi can be thought of as investigative journalists attempting to uncover another “truth” of the celebrity which requires moving beyond the traditional conception to think of them as fitting with in a normative model of journalism. He further argues that paparazzi differ from real journalists in their

competitive strategy

1201 words - 5 pages ethical problems that arise in a business environment. In other words, business ethics is the behavior that a business adheres to in its daily dealings with the world. The ethics of a particular business can be diverse. They apply not only to how the business interacts with the world at large, but also to their one-on-one dealings with a single customer. Business ethics can be both a normative and a descriptive discipline. A more diversified

Incompetent Men

1081 words - 5 pages related to leadership talent — the ability to build and maintain high-performing teams, and to inspire followers to set aside their selfish agendas in order to work for the common interest of the group. Indeed, whether in sports, politics or business, the best leaders are usually humble — and whether through nature or nurture, humility is a much more common feature in women than men. For example, women outperform men on emotional intelligence, which is

Related Essays

Thucydides Vs. Plato Essay

1646 words - 7 pages demanded that Thucydides is creation empirical claims, whereas Plato is creation normative claims since Plato and Thucydides had conflicting manners in their admission on the good lifetime. Plato trusts a good life on the principles which an individual has stretched happiness. Thucydides and Plato had conflicting politics in their methods of good life. Thucydides empirical claims and notice of “right” and “fairness” is best renowned through one

Administration Essay

2010 words - 9 pages neutrality a normative concept. White (1995) states that ‘Public Administration consists of all those operations, having for their purpose, the fulfilment of public policy as declared by authority.’ The phrase ‘…as declared by authority’ is a pointer to politicians who are believed to have more power over administrators, thus they dictate on administrators. This is supported by Morgenthau 1985 who clearly states that ‘all politics is a struggle

Burying Sm Essay

1832 words - 8 pages separate from society norms. SM should not have been forced to been laid to rest in Nyamila, freedom of choice should have been granted and his body should now lay at his farm located in the Ngong region just outside of Nairobi. Shortly after SM’s death, the two tribes were then involved in a struggle as to where his remains where to be buried, and a final resting place to be selected. There are two types of pluralism, either normative or legal

Business Ethics Essay

2450 words - 10 pages , leaders and businesses are inclined to act unethically and why this is the case. A behavioral business ethics approach which relies on important insights from psychology should be a necessary addition and complementary to the traditional normative approaches used in business ethics. Understanding Ethical Behavior and Decision Making in Management: A Behavioural Business Ethics Approach The numerous scandals in business such as those at