| Meena Durairaj
[ International Labor Standards] |
This paper focuses on the International Labour Organization (ILO) responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards.
History of international labour standards
The International Labour Organization (ILO) was founded in 1919 as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I. the ILO was created as a branch of the League of Nations order to address all conceivable aspects of labour rights. Preliminary efforts focused primarily on the eradication of slavery and all forms of forced labour. The Constitution was drafted between January and April, 1919, by the Labour Commission set ...view middle of the document...
The standards have grown into a comprehensive system of instruments on work and social policy, backed by a supervisory system designed to address all sorts of problems in their application at the national level. They are the legal component in the ILO's strategy for governing globalization, promoting sustainable development, eradicating poverty, and ensuring that people can work in dignity and safety.
Advantages and Disadvantages of standards
* A path to decent work
International labour standards are first and foremost about the development of people as human beings. Standards are to ensure improving human life and dignity.
* An international legal framework for fair and stable globalization
ILO creates legal framework to elaborate and promote international labour standards that makes sure the economic growth and development creates decent work environment.
* A level playing field
ILO’s legal framework helps governments and employers to avoid the temptation of lowering labour standards in the belief that this could give them a greater comparative advantage in international trade.
* A means of improving economic performance
Compliance with international labour standards often accompanies improvements in productivity and economic performance
* A safety net in times of economic crisis
Based on ILO’s study after the Asian financial crisis in 1997, the organization helps to strengthen social dialogue, freedom of association, and social protection systems in the region would provide better safeguards against such economic downturns.
* A strategy for reducing poverty
International labour standards call for the creation of institutions and mechanisms which can enforce labour rights. In...