This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nodocs To Add Essay

2202 words - 9 pages

Giant Panda IUCN Status Category: Endangered
Ailuropoda melanoleuca (David, 1869) CITES Appendix: I

INTRODUCTION

Giant pandas are robust members of the bear family with a distinctive black and white coat. Their head and body length is 120 to 190 cm, and adults weigh 85 to 125 kg. Specialized features include broad, flat molars modified for crushing, and an enlarged wristbone functioning as an opposable thumb — both adaptations for eating bamboo. The giant panda’s diet consists almost entirely of the leaves, stems and shoots of various bamboo species; although they occasionally eat meat. A giant panda may consume 12 to 18 kg of bamboo a day to meet its energy requirements. ...view middle of the document...

Panda fossils have also been found in northern Myanmar (Burma) and northern Vietnam. The giant panda's range has since contracted through climatic change, and in recent centuries, increasing human settlement. The species is now restricted to six isolated mountain ranges along the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau: Qinling in Shaanxi Province, Minshan in Gansu and Sichuan Provinces, and Qionglai, Xiangling and Liangshan in Sichuan Province. The remaining area of suitable habitat totals around 13,000km.2 Because most valleys are inhabited by people, many giant panda populations are isolated in narrow belts of bamboo, sometimes no more than 1,000-1,200 m wide. Panda habitat is continuing to disappear as clearance for agriculture and logging pushes ever higher up the mountain slopes.

Range State: China

POPULATION

Because giant pandas live in bamboo thickets on steep mountain slopes, counting them is difficult. Surveys in the 1980s gave an estimate of around 1,000 individuals in the wild, but that may have been an underestimate. There are now thought to be approximately 600 remaining, but a new survey started in 1999 should give a more accurate figure. So far, the Chinese government has established 33 panda reserves, which should give protection to about 60% of the giant panda populations.

Major population: On present evidence the greatest number of giant pandas occur in the Minshan Mountains, while the Qinling Mountains have the highest population density.

THREATS

The main threats to giant pandas are habitat loss and fragmentation, and poaching. Their habitat has been severely reduced by logging and forest clearance for agricultural settlement. Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis and surveys done in the 1970s and 1980s revealed that the area occupied by giant pandas had been reduced from more than 29,500km2 to only about 13,000km2. Because individual giant panda populations in these fragmented forests are small, most may not be viable in the long term, and inbreeding in small populations is a potential problem. The Chinese government instigated a ban on commercial logging in natural forests in the southwest of the country in 1998, which is welcome news for giant pandas outside the reserves.

Pandas have a low reproductive rate and populations may take a long time to recover if individuals are killed. Although poachers are given severe penalties, some illegal hunting continues, although it is not as bad as it was in the 1980s. Many hunters set snares and traps for deer and other animals, especially musk deer, and incidental giant panda deaths have been documented.

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, many giant pandas died in the Minshan and Qionglai Mountains following the flowering and die‑back of bamboo over wide areas. Bamboo die‑back is a natural phenomenon, occurring every 15‑120 years according to the species. Once the bamboo dies it can take a year to regenerate from seed and it can take...

Other Papers Like nodocs to add

A Heart Of Darkness Essay

1748 words - 7 pages immoral. In the Heart of Darkness, the main character is Charlie Marlow. He is a self-motivated character who basically controls the development of the theme. Through Marlow’s experiences and revelations, the author illustrates how forces of light and darkness serve to weave the human soul together; thus, fundamentally how well and evil are reflected in an individual. Marlow’s journey leads him in an urgent search for Kurtz, the one man

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages to entrepreneurs instead of nobles and royalty, and the people who worked in their businesses expected payment instead of food, protection, and shelter. All of these changes required for the people involved in industrialization to rethink how to structure their economy. The two arguably most influential philosophers to research this topic were Adam Smith and Karl Marx and their definitions of economy: capitalism and socialism. Their ideas helped

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages Picture a country that has limits on how much you can make random government imprisonments and more what do you do. That is the situation for the eleven million seventy-five thousand two hundred forty-four people of Cuba since the takeover of Fidel Castro. The US is opposed to Castro taking control of Cuba. Castro managed to ease the United States nerves when he said that Cuba was against all forms of communism. According to Lana Wylie the Union

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages Intro: US Presidents have made it a goal during their term(s) in office to establish a good relationship with foreign countries and even try to improve upon existing connections with our allies. Some believe it is to prevent conflicts between the countries while others dispute that it is a threat assessment by the United States to pick and choose their friends and enemies. Preventing conflict between two democracies or countries that practice

Booker T. Washington

1621 words - 7 pages “Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome” –Booker T. Washing. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born in Hale’s Ford, Virginia on April 5th, 1856 to Jane Burroughs and an unknown White man. Washington was married three times. His first wife was Fannie N. Smith from Malden, West Virginia. Booker and Fannie were married in the summer of 1882 and had one child

Corn, Broccoli, Grass Or Balanced

2611 words - 11 pages About a century ago, there was not an epidemic of diet-related illness, a bizarre account of destroyed farmland, dead zones in our oceans created by chemical run-off spilling into the waterways, and there sure was not millions of people questioning the moral ethics of their diet. In the Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, the author Michael Pollan goes on a journey to investigate the sources of the nation’s food supply, for

Related Essays

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages constantly changing and processing, their value or worth is not measured by their behavior. According to REBT, healthy individuals function with rational beliefs (Murdock, 2009). Sarah’s needs can best be met through the use of REBT as the therapist incorporates the interventions of role-playing and disputing, stop and monitor, and recognizing and changing irrational thought patterns, while striving for the goal of eliminating irrational thinking

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are