The chapter looks at the main factors that led to the concern off international health. It explores the main backgrounds of modern international health from the time of the Eurasian plague for three hundred years. It examines events like the rise of the slave trade and imperialism and the health consequences that came with these events. It then turns and examines the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century and the upsurge of the sanitary reform movement. These events led to the presence and development of new international health institutions.
Plague outbreaks led to the beginnings of the earliest health regulations. The increase ...view middle of the document...
Severe health consequences came along with every phase of imperial expansion. This was before the urban industrialization came up with domestic political and public health agendas. The Spanish invasion led to a great overwhelming demographic effect on native populations in Latin and Caribbean America. Small pox is said to have been increasingly spread across Mesoamerica by the supply of infested blankets by the Spanish forces. Similarly, the British, Belgian, French and other European invasion forces experienced equal devastation across Africa, Asia, North America and the Pacific. As the European invasion continued to increase, physicians began to be incorporated into colonial authority structures. They administered treatment to colonists and set rules for medical practice. Medical facilities were founded in major colonial cities and medical practitioners new hierarchy was established. By the late renaissance, the increasing imperial wants led to a more patronage for science, generating transport, and new military and agricultural technologies. Significant developments in chemistry, physics, botany, astronomy and medicine increased.
European industrialization in the period of 1750 to the 20th century was characterized by a composite of linking developments in the economic and political order. Advancements in science and technology both assisted in capitalist industrialization. The change from capitalism to feudalism involved wide social and demographic shifts that altered the people’s way of life and death. Between 1750 and 1900 the population of the world doubled from an approximate 800 million to 1.7 billion. With the rise of the capitalist system and the state, the health of the population became more crucial. There was a need to make trade remain disease free for it to smoothly circulate without interruption.
Industrial revolution also was a factor that led to emergence of modern international health. Population increase in the urban areas led to pollution and thus increases of diseases. The industries led to the pollution of the environment and as a result diseases like tuberculosis and rickets increased. Sanitary movements started to fight for sanitary reforms. As the movements increased, towns employed proper waste disposal, supply of pure clean water, improvements in population health and urban sewage systems. The Rockefeller Foundation led to the development of international health to a new phase that joined tropical medicine concerns from metropolitan powers to undersized settings. International health institutions were designed for a selection of compound motives that were beyond health needs.
The main motivators that led to the rise of international health agencies were the consequences that occurred after the world wars, colonial imperialism, slave trade and the industrial revolution. These events led to the occurrence of diseases and epidemics and as a result, the international health government had to find modern...