Nietzsche’s Truth and Lies
Nietzsche’s belief of the truth is that we in fact have no clue whatsoever of the actual truth, but have merely decided on some choice metaphors and phrases to give us the illusion of what the truth is. This, as well, as the self satisfaction of giving ourselves the idea that we know what the truth in fact is.
According to Nietzsche all knowledge and truth is anthropomorphic. By this idea not a single point of truth is true in itself or valid except under the eyes of humans. Truth is an idea that came from the human’s need to designate things and communicate. However, just because we as humans call or designate something as such doesn’t mean that is in fact what it is. If you show someone what we call a dog, and call it a dog, they will designate it as such, but not because that is ...view middle of the document...
In being human, we don’t actually have a drive for pure truth or knowledge, but instead our drive is more based on pleasure and displeasure. Truth is desired if it is pleasant or a “life-preserving consequence”. Humans do not care for pure knowledge if it does not have any actual consequences. If it gives us pleasure, then we are satisfied with the truth, but if it has destructive or causes displeasure to us we don’t want it. As humans we are satisfied with our world’s illusions of truth because we in fact have made those illusions for ourselves, just like the language we use to communicate with.
Truth and language are both man made ideas that’s origins lie in metaphor and are simply arbitrary and subjective. Language does not actually reflect the world we live in accurately. Humans make a metaphor sound to represent the stimulus and this becomes the basis of our language. This metaphor we have created for perception of a stimulus is totally subjective and can change between people. If you raise a child to think hard is actually “soft” they will only know hard as soft.
Being social creatures or apart of the “herd” as Nietzsche put it produced languages between humans and gave us our idea of what was true and not, which means that humans are using the definition of something the wrong way in order to harm. Nietzsche also points out the reasons of differing foreign languages because nothing corresponds directly to the actual nature of a stimulus. It is all illogical because humans made up the idea of language, truth, and lies and because of that, it truly doesn't exist.
As humans we decided upon subjective terms to create our language. Our manmade idea of language and truths do not actually exist in the “real” world. Instead what we believe to be truth is a means to communicate with others and satisfy ourselves.