This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Neurobiology And Early Years Essay

3491 words - 14 pages

Projective processes:
gangs, bullying, and racism
Groups and gangs

When does a group become a gang? Hamish Canham
(2002) defines a gang mentality as one in which de-
structive forces have taken over. It is paranoid-schizoid
functioning where there is no thinking, only a need to rid oneself of parts of the personality that might expose the individual (or group) to feelings of neediness, ignorance, or weakness. Within the personality, this is achieved by imposing a reign of terror on the vulnerable parts. In gang behaviour, the reign of terror is directed towards other groups. A gang is anti-thought, anti-parents, and anti-life.
Hamish offers a commentary on William ...view middle of the document...

This action represents most dramatically the gang mentality
at work. Faced with a life without parents to look after them,
vulnerability and loss is projected into the pig family, with
the piglets made into the orphans the boys feel themselves to
be. As those who have read the novel will know, this cruelty
extends to brutal savagery from Jack and his gang towards the
other boys, in particular Piggy, who is killed towards the end
of the book.
Piggy is an overweight, asthmatic boy who has an ability to
see the truth of their situation and to continue thinking about
what needs to be done to ensure the survival of everyone. Pig-
gy’s
thoughtfulness and insight is under constant attack from
the gang. They steal his glasses—representing his capacity to
see—and eventually they kill him. Ralph is the character who
struggles most between the lure of the gang and his desire
not to lose the capacity to think. As he is pulled towards the
gang, Golding describes a shutter coming down in Ralph’s
mind. This shutter seems to cut him off from what he knows
he should be doing—keeping the fire going, looking after the
younger children, building shelters and keeping everyone
working together. It represents the temptation for him to for-
get
these responsibilities
and to join Jack’s gang who seem
to be leading a life free from these worries as they hunt for
pigs.
It is most
striking that the only two characters in the book
who make reference to their families in any significant way are
Piggy and Ralph. It seems that it is this ability to keep alive a
sense of helpful, loving parental figures that sustains these two
boys and helps them not to climb into identification with the
parodies of powerful grown-ups as Jack and his followers do.

Bullies and victims
The bullies of school stories (e.g., Flashman in Tom Brown’s School-Days , Squeers in Nicholas Nickelby ) fit neatly into this psychological
account of extreme splitting and projection. They are unrelenting
in their attacks on their victims and continue with their escalating
cruelty until such time as they get their just deserts. Most of the
time, the situation is much less polarized. If paranoid-schizoid
functioning and the depressive position are seen as states of mind
between which all human beings oscillate, then it follows that
everyone is capable of bullying behaviour of one kind or another.
When interviewed sensitively and encouraged to be honest, most
children admit to having at one time or another bullied a weaker
member of the class, a younger sibling, or an animal. Most children
can also describe interactions or relationships in which they have been the victims of bullying. They are also able to speak eloquently about how they understand the motivation behind bullying, seeing very clearly that the bully is trying to get rid of feelings he does not want to have.
The cliché about...

Other Papers Like Neurobiology And Early Years

Branches Ofpsychology Essay

669 words - 3 pages Biological Psychology I. Definition: Biological psychology also known as Behavioral Neuroscience, biopsychology, or psychobiology is the application of the principles of biology (in particular neurobiology), to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and non-human animals. It typically investigates at the level of neurons, neurotransmitters, brain circuitry and the basic biological processes

Branches of Biology Essay

1815 words - 8 pages end of the Spanish colonial era. This measure was at the vanguard of contemporary Asian countries, and led to an important class of educated natives, like Jose Rizal. Ironically, it was during the initial years of American occupation in the early 20th century, that Spanish literature and press flourished. The Philippine Revolution against Spain began in August 1896, but it was largely unsuccessful until it received support from the United States

Life Span Problems of Children Ages 7-12

1600 words - 7 pages poverty can alter children’s neurobiology in ways that undermine their health, their social competence, and their ability to succeed in school and in life” (2014). Thompson believes children begin to encounter stressful situations as young as early infancy. Unfortunately, his research concludes that long term or sever stress at an early age creates changes in the child’s neurobiological functioning (Thompson, 2014). For example, if an infant is

Schizophrenia

1820 words - 8 pages increased risk-of suicide in the early years). Schizophrenia is usually viewed as a functional psychosis, a label which implies that the symptoms arise from the disorderly activity of neurons without accompanying anatomical and pathological alterations of brain structure. This view is due to the failure of pathologists to find convincing pathological changes associated with the disease in the first seven decades of the century. Over the last ten

Biopsychology 340

1037 words - 5 pages behavior of people (Pinel, 2009). The fields of psychology and physiology are studied together in order to achieve a better understanding of each area and their interdependent functioning and relationships. Biological psychology is also known as: biopsychology, neuroscience, neurobiology, and even behavioral science (Bickhard, 2009). Historically, biological psychology began with the ancient Greeks. Theorists and philosophers across time have added

Lifespan Development

4029 words - 17 pages as a result of the change that occurs with increasing age. Although the lifespan development may look simple, it is quite complex and involves different developmental stages. According to Baltes, (1996), the entire life cycle has four eras. These eras, he says, take an approximate time of 20-25 years. Levinson goes further to identify the developmental periods as childhood and adolescence, early childhood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood

Sociology

2470 words - 10 pages first laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research in Leipzig. Wundt was also the first person to refer to himself as a psychologist and wrote the first textbook on psychology: Principles of Physiological Psychology. Other important early contributors to the field include Hermann Ebbinghaus (a pioneer in the study of memory),William James (the American father of pragmatism), and Ivan Pavlov (who developed the procedures associated

The Main Characteristics of Adhd

2220 words - 9 pages . The first known ADHD symptoms were described by Dr Heinrich Hoffman in 1845 who later wrote the popular children’s poem ‘The Story of Fidgety Phil’ which demonstrated early signs of hyperactive behavior. In 1901 Sir George Frederic Still, a British Pediatrician, published a series of lectures about ADHD stating that he believed the children were brain-damaged and described them as "aggressive, defiant, lawless, overactive

Criminalizing Miscarriages

1230 words - 5 pages of Pediatrics, Anesthesiology and Neurobiology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. "If the fetus is beyond 20 weeks of gestation, I would assume that there will be pain caused to the fetus. And I believe it will be severe and excruciating pain." [24] 4. The original text of the Hippocratic Oath, the oath that doctors traditionally take when swearing to practice medicine ethically, forbids abortions. One section of the oath

Interpersonal Attraction

1226 words - 5 pages seek and maintain social relationships • Neurobiology Rowe (1996) – We’re born with it Personality affects the need • Schizoid persons • Dismissive avoidant styles • Dependent persons Situational Factors • Crisis situations increase the need for affiliation – natural disasters, reminders of mortality • Fear & affiliation – Strong correlation between fear & Need to Aff Why Crises/Fear

Evolution of the Human Eye

5715 words - 23 pages evidence is hard to come by since soft-tissue structures like the eye rarely ever fossilize. However the scientific community has made recent advancements in tracking the origin of the eye by studying the formation of eyes in developing embryos and comparing these different structures and genes across many species to construct when and where key traits arose. The study indicates that ‘the human eye took shape in less than 100 million years

Related Essays

1.1.1 Outline Early Years Curriculum Models Supporting Children's Care, Learning And Development

863 words - 4 pages 1.1.1 Outline early years curriculum models supporting children's care, learning and development. When planning the activities for the setting, focus must be placed on the curriculum in order to ensure that all areas of learning are covered for the children in our care. The Early Years Foundation Phase is a statutory framework that sets out standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to five. The framework is

Early Years And Learning Essay

667 words - 3 pages could affect their speech and communication and may make them feel they are unable to join in with other children’s games if they can’t communicate properly with them. Visual impairment can also influence a Childs development they are unable to watch and learn from what others are doing. Learning difficulties A child with learning problems may be many developmental years behind their peers; this will have a big impact on what they can do in all

Neurobiology Essay

553 words - 3 pages Neurobiology Discuss 2 different neurological disorders that can occur in development and how they affect development. In addition, discuss what research suggests about the effects of spiritual disciplines (prayer, meditation) on neurobiology. What is Neurological disorder? According to Early Support and Cabrera, our brain development begins during pregnancy and continues through adolescence. We are born to have trillion connections by

History Of Psychology Essay

1021 words - 5 pages History of Psychology Katrena Taylor PSY/310 October 11, 2011 History of Psychology Psychology at one time was just a branch of philosophy, it was 1000’s of years before it was known to be a formal discipline. It evolved from “ideas” of early philosophers into a science of its own. Centuries ago Western Philosophers began the formation of psychology as a branch of philosophy, but explored the