Nervous System Study Guide Essay

990 words - 4 pages

Anatomy review for the nervous system - Week 12 Study Guide

1. Distinguish the difference between neuron, neuroglial cells, Schwann cells, neurofibrils, and astrocytes. Neurons are structural and functional cells reacting to the physical and chemical changes in their environment. Neuroglial cells are the supporting cells necessary for nourishing and maintaining the neurons, among other functions. Schwann cells are the cells that wrap around nerve fibers to form a protective myelin sheath. Neurofibrils are fibrils in the cytoplasm in nerve cells. Astrocytes are star shaped cells located between neurons and blood vessels.

2. What is the difference between dendrites and axons? ...view middle of the document...

10. There are 3 layers of membranes of the nervous system. Name them in order starting with the outer layer. The outmost layer is called Dura, followed by Arachnoid mater, who surrounds the innermost layer called the Pia mater.

11. Between what 2 layers is the CSF found? It is between Arachoid and Pai mater layers.

12. In a spinal tap, between which vertebrae is the needle inserted to measure cerebrospinal fluid pressure? The needle should be inserted in the lumbar vertebrae.

13. The brain is divided into 3 major sections, what are they? The major portion is the cerebrum, cerebellum, and the brain stem.

14. Which of the 3 deals with higher mental functions/thinking? The cerebrum

15. Which one deals with visceral activities? The brain stem

16. Which one deals with voluntary muscular movements? The cerebellum

17. What is affected by Parkinson’s and Huntington’s? Movement is affected by both.

18. What are the 2 divisions of the peripheral nervous system? The two parts are called the Somatic and Autonomic nervous system.

19. What is the outermost portion of the cerebrum called? The cerebral cortex

20. How do drugs that decrease a membrane's permeability to sodium affect the perception of pain? It prevents the touch or pain sensation. How to they affect nerve impulses? It stops them. When are these types of drugs typically used? They are typically used during surgery.

21. How does caffeine stimulate the activity of the nervous system? It stimulates the cortex of your brain and heightens your mental awareness.

22. How do amphetamines stimulate the nervous system? Amphetamines release a substance stored in nerve endings which is concentrated in the brain higher centers and speeds up the action of the heart and the metabolic process.

23. What is an analgesic? It’s when you hit your head hard enough to be unconscious but you’re still conscious, and you don’t feel the pain because it was...

Other Papers Like Nervous System Study Guide

Business 390 powerpoint Essay

940 words - 4 pages What is Biopsychology? • Focuses on the relationship between the brain and behavior • Biopsychologists study how the brain & nervous system determines what we perceive, feel, think, say, & do • Biopsychologists use empirical evidence and critical thinking to study, evaluate, record, and report on the biological basis of behavior. © 2010 University of Phoenix. All rights reserve Biopsychology Research Techniques â

Regulatory Behavior Essay

1130 words - 5 pages Regulatory Behavior Paper PSY/340 January 12, 1015 Do you ever wonder why as humans we behave the way we do, why we express emotion, have feelings, or experience hunger? How does it all work? The human body is comprised of systems all working together to complete an action or a coordinated set of chemical reactions initiated by the nervous system. The nervous system is part of a

Multiple Sclerosis

606 words - 3 pages MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS Name of Student Institution affiliation What is the condition/disease process/injury? Multiple sclerosis (MS) is chronic disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS), causing the body’s immune system to produce cells and proteins (antibodies) that attack myelin, a fatty substance that protects nerve fibers. There is no known absolute cause of MS. Although, it’s genetic, there reason to

Cell Structure

882 words - 4 pages Every living thing on Earth has cells. Cells are made up of small pieces called proteins and organelles. The larger pieces are tissues and systems. Cells hold biological equipment that keeps them alive. A cells job is to organize. Each cell has a different function. Organisms grow and survive better when cells are present. If people were only made up of one cell they could only grow to one size. You also would not have a nervous system or

Aspects of Psychology Unit1 Ip

941 words - 4 pages /articles/154874.php) This article explains what Psychology is and the branches associated with Psychology. Reasearch Methods ( Psychology research methods. The Nervous System ( This article explains CNS and PNS of the nervous system. Foundations of Psychology ( This article describes what the foundations of psychology are.

Heath, Development, Psychology – Emotional Arousal and the Human Nervous System

687 words - 3 pages Emotional Arousal and the Human Nervous System Every human have the capacity to be aroused emotionally. Arousal can be high or low and vary in intensity, having the potential to be negative or positive, or both simultaneously. Arousal makes one aware, excited, alert, and attentive, though it may, or may not be exhibited at all times for observation. Arousal is directly linked to stimuli, which causes triggered changes in physiology. Some

Foundations of Psychology

1027 words - 5 pages , procreation, and biological choices in the explanation of psychology, deliberating by what method an individual nervous system progressed to the complicated existent status (Romer,1949) (Katsuhiko, 2003) . References Katsuhiko, M. (2003). Origin and evolutionary process of the CNS elucidated by comparative genomics analysis of planarian ESTs. Robin Kowalski, D. W. (2011). The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior. Romer, A. (1949). The Vertebrate Body.

Nervous System

411 words - 2 pages Associate Level Material Appendix F Review the following two case studies. Each patient is being referred to a specialist for further evaluation of a nervous system disorder. Outline characteristics of the disease each patient is suffering from by answering the questions associated with each case study. Answer in your own words. Case Study 1 Name | Myelin S. Heath | Patient # | 12312312 | DOB: | 03/05/1986 | Physician | Dr


353 words - 2 pages Associate Level Material Appendix F Review the following two case studies. Each patient is being referred to a specialist for further evaluation of a nervous system disorder. Outline characteristics of the disease each patient is suffering from by answering the questions associated with each case study. Answer in your own words. Case Study 1 |Name |Myelin S. Heath | |Patient


1489 words - 6 pages in his personality. Once a polite and caring person, Gage became selfish and often displayed inappropriate behaviour. He had no respect for social graces and often lied about his accomplishments. From being energetic and focused, he was now erratic and unreliable, his friends barely recognized him. "Gage," they said, "was no longer Gage. The Central Nervous System (CNS) The Central Nervous System is effectively the centre of the nervous

Discuss Eysenck’s Theory of Criminal Personality – Refer to Evidence in Your Answer (12 Marks)

653 words - 3 pages underlying functioning of the individual’s nervous system. A person’s level of extraversion (E), neuroticism (N) can be measured using simple questionnaires such as the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). People with High E scores are sociable, active, lively and sensation seeking. Extraversion is determined by the overall level of arousal in the person’s Central Nervous System and Autonomic Nervous System. High E-scorers have a low level of

Related Essays

Unit 13 Lecture Study Guide – Nervous System Part Ii

993 words - 4 pages 1. What are the 2 major divisions of the Nervous System? Central vs. Peripheral 2. What are the 2 major divisions of the central nervous system (CNS)? Brain and spinal cord 3. What are the 2 major divisions of the peripheral nervous system (PNS)? Somatic and autonomic 4. Differentiate between the autonomic and somatic nervous systems. Somatic is nerves to/from spinal cord and autonomic is when you control the involuntary functions 5

Study Guide Essay

957 words - 4 pages Study Guide for Dr. Woodward’s Spring Biology Final Exam (2015) Study Guide is Worth 80 Points There are 100 questions on your final exam = 200 Points There are 60 department assessment questions = 60 Points Please answer the following questions: 1 Describe the seven characteristics which make a virus. 2 Describe and understand the correct order of events that takes place during the lytic cycle. 3 What are the four virus shapes and

The Human Body's Nervous System Essay

766 words - 4 pages is made up of fiber tracts and spinal nerves. (Pedersen DD; PsychNotes: Clinical Pocket Guide, 3rd ed, F.A. Davis Company, 2011, Ch. 9, pg. 1) One of the two major divisions of the human body’s nervous system, the central nervous system is responsible for integrating sensory information and responding accordingly. In other words, its job is to get information from the body and send out instructions to the body. * What is the job of the

Psychology Essay

531 words - 3 pages are connected to one and another 4. Neurochemistry is interested in how the neurons work and how they communicate with one another 5. Neurobiology is interested the structure and the mechanics of the nervous system. Biological psychology focuses on behavior (the observative behavior and the unobservative behavior) Biopsychology has six branches 1. Physiological psychology the study of neural mechanism of behavior through the